Ultra-fast operando X-ray diffraction experiments reveal the temporal evolution of low and high temperature phases and the formation of residual stresses during laser 3D printing of a Ti-6Al-4V alloy. The profound influence of the length of the laser-scanning vector on the evolving microstructure is revealed and elucidated.
Interrupted standard tensile tests with in situ x-ray diffraction and quasi-in situ electron backscatter diffraction reveal the origin behind the work hardening plateau and springback.
Plenary Session Featuring The Fred Kavli Distinguished Lectureship in Materials Science:
Tuesday, April 23
8:15 am – 9:30 am
PCC North, 100 Level, Ballroom 120 D
Revealing the role of microstructure architecture on strength and ductility of Ni microwires by in-situ synchrotron X-ray diffraction
The effect of diameter reduction on the mechanical properties of cold-drawn nickel microwires has been analyzed by a combination of in situ X-ray diffraction and electron backscatter diffraction observations.
We have developed a new cruciform geometry with reduced thickness at the center, which allows reaching high plastic strain under equibiaxial loading. The novel thinning method results in excellent surface quality, suitable for electron backscatter diffraction (EBSD) and high-resolution digital image correlation (HRDIC) investigations. We performed an in-situ HRDIC study on a 304 austenitic stainless steel using the new cruciform geometry to follow the slip activity under uniaxial and equibiaxial loadings.
The mechanical behavior of cold-rolled Mg AZ31B is studied during in-plane multiaxial loading and tension-tension strain path changes using in situ neutron diffraction and electron backscatter diffracion.
Mechanical response of stainless steel subjected to biaxial load path changes: cruciform experiments and multi-scale modeling
In this work, we have enhanced our originally proposed experiment-modeling synergy in Upadhyay et al. Acta Mat. 2016, to capture the stress evolution in the complex cruciform geometry during arbitrary multi-axial load path changes. We perform cruciform simulations using the implementation of the visco-plastic self-consistent (VPSC) model as a user material (UMAT) into the ABAQUS finite element (FE) solver. We also use the Elasto-viscoplastic fast Fourier transform (EVP-FFT) approach to compute yield surfaces. This experiment-modeling synergy is exploited to understand the mechanical response (including the elastic response, Bauschinger effect and hardening) of 316L stainless steel following biaxial load path changes.
Suppressed martensitic transformation under biaxial loading in low stacking fault energy metastable austenitic steels
In-situ neutron diffraction studies performed on metastable 201 stainless steel combined with EBSD measurements confirm that ε-martensite is a precursor for α′-martensite during uniaxial and equibiaxial deformation at the same loading rate. In both loading states, the grains that contain martensite belong to orientations for which the leading partial dislocations have higher Schmid factor than the trailing partial dislocations. The martensitic transformation is suppressed during equibiaxial loading as a consequence of the different textures formed during deformation.
Researchers at PSI have established a link between the martensitic transformation, microstructural evolution and the mechanical behavior under multiaxial deformation in a NiTi alloy by using a unique combination of in situ high-resolution Digital Image Correlation (DIC), in situ X-ray diffraction and electron microscopy characterization.