Spectroscopy of Novel Materials Group
The Spectroscopy of Novel Materials group uses advanced spectroscopic techniques to study electronic structure, low-energy excitations and correlation effects in a broad range of complex material systems exhibiting surprising and useful properties. These include high-temperature superconductors, low-dimensional magnets, colossal magnetoresistors, topological insulators, oxide thin films, interfaces between oxide materials, and oxide heterostructures. We operate two beamlines with two endstations each.
The SIS beamline offers high-resolution angle-resolved photoemission spectroscopy (ARPES) and spin-resolved ARPES with photon energies in the VUV to soft X-ray regime (20-800 eV). The ADRESS beamline operates in the soft X-ray range (300-1600 eV) and hosts resonant inelastic x-ray scattering (RIXS) and soft x-ray ARPES endstations. Additionally, part of our research makes use of a dedicated pulsed laser deposition (PLD) chamber for in situ studies of thin films, interfaces, and heterostructures. Collectively, these techniques give us the ability to probe surface and bulk properties of complex materials and to visualize the interplay of the electrons with spin, lattice, and orbital degrees of freedom.
New material also reveals new quasiparticles
Researchers at PSI have investigated a novel crystalline material at the Swiss Light Source SLS that exhibits electronic properties never seen before. Among other things, they were able to detect a new type of quasiparticle: so-called Rarita-Schwinger fermions.
Watching electrons and switching bits on
Electronics should get smaller, faster, and above all more energy-efficient. These themes are also present in several research groups at PSI. From incremental improvements to complete rethinking – who is currently working on what?
In a trio of recent papers, a research group from the University of Zürich has made a number of new discoveries about the nature of cuprates' electronic structure and orbital composition. The results have important implications for superconductivity and pseudogaps in cuprates, and even the existence of type-II Dirac fermions in oxides.