Dr. Thorsten Bartels-Rausch

PortraitThorsten

Scientist

Paul Scherrer Institute
Forschungsstrasse 111
5232 Villigen PSI
Switzerland

I work on chemistry with relevance to cold regions of Earth’s atmosphere and develop near ambient pressure X-ray excited electron spectroscopy at the Swiss Light Source (SLS) for atmospheric research. Multiphase chemistry of aerosol, in snow, and in ice is fascinating due to the environmental impact and because the understudied chemistry under the dry and cold conditions shows surprising deviations from our text-book knowledge. Results from this laboratory based research address the molecular level up to the environmental scale. 

Selected Reviews and Book Chapters
  • Thomas JL, Stutz J, Frey MM, Bartels-Rausch T, Altieri K, Baladima F, et al.
    Fostering multidisciplinary research on interactions between chemistry, biology, and physics within the coupled cryosphere-atmosphere system
    Elementa: Science of the Anthropocene. 2019; 7(1): 58 (16 pp.). https://doi.org/10.1525/elementa.396
    DORA PSI
  • Bartels-Rausch T, Jacobi H-W, Kahan TF, Thomas JL, Thomson ES, Abbatt JPD, et al.
    A review of air-ice chemical and physical interactions (AICI): liquids, quasi-liquids, and solids in snow
    Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics. 2014; 14(3): 1587-1633. https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-14-1587-2014
    DORA PSI
  • Bartels-Rausch T
    Ten things we need to know about ice and snow
    Nature. 2013; 494(7435): 27-29. https://doi.org/10.1038/494027a
    DORA PSI

The CATCH mission is to facilitate atmospheric chemistry research within the international community, with a focus on natural processes specific to cold regions of Earth. Cold regions include areas which are seasonally or permanently covered by snow and ice, from the high mountains to the polar ice sheets and sea ice zones as well as regions where ice clouds that undergo chemistry are found. https://www.catchscience.org


Confinement

This line of research deals with the characterisation of the hydrogen-bonding network structure of adsorbed water at the surface of environmental relevant mineral surfaces by Near Ambient Pressure X-ray excited electron spectroscopy at the Swiss Light Source of PSI (SLS). The studies revealed liquid-like features of adsorbed water at sub-freezing temperatures with impact on the ability to act as ice nuclei and to drive atmospheric chemistry. A unique feature of the SLS endstation is the precise temperature (80°C to -80°C) and water vapor pressure (up to 6 mbar) regulation allowing to probe any condition in the phase diagram of aerosol and ice.

Current Funding

The chemical properties of interfacial nanoconfinements in clay.  This project will introduce the use of atomically prepared nanometer-thin, layered samples to investigate the molecular basics of the extraordinary high ion mobility in clay. Clay approximately contributes two-thirds of the mineral dust aerosol originating from arid regions and its ability to initiate ice nucleation is well known. Clays are composed of crystalline aluminosilicate layers that may be hold together by hydrogen bonds of embedded water. The proposed research targets the investigation of the local chemical environment of ions in the interlayer space of clay and the structure of the hydrogen-bonding network there at subfreezing temperatures (Energy and Environment Division: Inter-Laboratory Research Call).

Current Team Members
Selected Publications
  • Yang H, Boucly A, Gabathuler JP, Bartels-Rausch T, Artiglia L, Ammann M
    Ordered hydrogen bonding structure of water molecules adsorbed on silver iodide particles under subsaturated conditions
    Journal of Physical Chemistry C. 2021; 125(21): 11628-11635. https://doi.org/10.1021/acs.jpcc.1c01767
    DORA PSI
  • Orlando F, Artiglia L, Yang H, Kong X, Roy K, Waldner A, et al.
    Disordered adsorbed water layers on TiO2 nanoparticles under subsaturated humidity conditions at 235 K
    Journal of Physical Chemistry Letters. 2019; 10(23): 7433-7438. https://doi.org/10.1021/acs.jpclett.9b02779
    DORA PSI
AcidBaseIce

Taking full advantage of surface-sensitive X-ray absorption spectroscopy and X-ray photoemission spectroscopy at near ambient pressure, this research has provided direct experimental evidence on how acidic trace gases, such as HCl, modify the hydrogen bonding network at the ice surface. The evolving picture is that acidic trace gases form liquid-like solvation shells in an elsewise ice-like interfacial region upon adsorption. This finding raises open questions on the impact of photochemistry and heterogeneous chemistry at the interfacial region of ice and snow in the environment, given the importance of multiphase chemistry of snow and ice clouds for Earth’s geochemical cycles and climate system. 

Current Funding

Interfacial Chemistry of Ice: Photolysis and Acid-Base Equilibria in the QLL and Brine. The capability of acids to form hydrogen bonds has been found essential to their dissociation. The dissociation of acids plays is a principal process in heterogeneous chemistry of the atmosphere. This project aims at developing a fundamental understanding of interfacial chemistry in the temperature range of -40°C to 0°C.  In particular, the dissociation and photochemistry of nitric acid and nitrous acid at frozen and liquid air – water interfaces has since long attracted scientific interest, most notably due to the pivotal role that this surface chemistry plays in modifying the nitrogen oxide budget and thus the oxidative capacity of the atmosphere (Swiss National Science Foundation: 178962).

Current Team Members
Selected Publications
  • Bartels-Rausch T, Kong X, Orlando F, Artiglia L, Waldner A, Huthwelker T, et al.
    Interfacial supercooling and the precipitation of hydrohalite in frozen NaCl solutions as seen by X-ray absorption spectroscopy
    Cryosphere. 2021; 15(4): 2001-2020. https://doi.org/10.5194/tc-15-2001-2021
    DORA PSI
  • Křepelová A, Bartels-Rausch T, Brown MA, Bluhm H, Ammann M
    Adsorption of acetic acid on ice studied by ambient-pressure XPS and partial-electron-yield NEXAFS spectroscopy at 230-240 K
    Journal of Physical Chemistry A. 2013; 117(2): 401-409. https://doi.org/10.1021/jp3102332
    DORA PSI
  • Bartels-Rausch T, Orlando F, Kong X, Artiglia L, Ammann M
    Experimental evidence for the formation of solvation shells by soluble species at a nonuniform air-ice interface
    ACS Earth and Space Chemistry. 2017; 1(9): 572-579. https://doi.org/10.1021/acsearthspacechem.7b00077
    DORA PSI
  • Kong X, Waldner A, Orlando F, Artiglia L, Huthwelker T, Ammann M, et al.
    Coexistence of physisorbed and solvated HCl at warm ice surfaces
    Journal of Physical Chemistry Letters. 2017; 8(19): 4757-4762. https://doi.org/10.1021/acs.jpclett.7b01573
    DORA PSI
The phase of aerosol particles in snow changes with decreasing temperatures from liquid (green circles) to solid (yellow hexagons). As consequence, reactive processes in the bulk would become less feasible, while surface reactions occur remain in operation. (3-dimensional µCT reconstruction of snow: Schneebeli, WSL-SLF Davos).

Research over the past decades has provided an impressive observational basis for large scale effects of multiphase chemistry in snow, such as substantial modification of the composition and of the chemical reactivity of the lowermost atmosphere in polar regions and the ability of toxins to enter the marine food web. This fundamental laboratory based research investigates the chemical reactivity of solutes and reactants embedded at different locations in snow. Questions tackled are the impact of complex composition, of microphysical properties, and of phase changes on the reactivity. In cooperation with the Schneebeli group in Davos, we further investigated how snow metamorphism influences multiphase chemistry at snow surfaces. 

Selected Publications
  • Edebeli J, Trachsel JC, Avak SE, Ammann M, Schneebeli M, Eichler A, et al.
    Snow heterogeneous reactivity of bromide with ozone lost during snow metamorphism
    Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics. 2020; 20(21): 13443-13454. https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-20-13443-2020
    DORA PSI
  • Edebeli J, Ammann M, Bartels-Rausch T
    Microphysics of the aqueous bulk counters the water activity driven rate acceleration of bromide oxidation by ozone from 289–245 K
    Environmental Science: Processes and Impacts. 2019; 21(1): 63-73. https://doi.org/10.1039/C8EM00417J
    DORA PSI
  • Artiglia L, Edebeli J, Orlando F, Chen S, Lee M-T, Corral Arroyo P, et al.
    A surface-stabilized ozonide triggers bromide oxidation at the aqueous solution-vapour interface
    Nature Communications. 2017; 8(1): 700 (8 pp.). https://doi.org/10.1038/s41467-017-00823-x
    DORA PSI
Napp

I contribute to developing the ISS endstation at the Swiss Light Source. The approach is to bring our established know-how in dosing and detecting atmospheric trace gases to this Near Ambient Pressure Photoemission facility. This development work also includes to go further in open and fair data management by establishing FAIR data processing routines and workflows for above research and by introducing ETH's data management system openBIS to PSI.

Selected Publications
  • Ammann M, Artiglia L, Bartels-Rausch T
    X-Ray excited electron spectroscopy to study gase-liquid interfaces of atmospheric relevance
    In: Faust JA, House JE, eds. Physical chemistry of gas-liquid interfaces. Developments in physical & theoretical chemistry. Amsterdam: Elsevier; 2018:135-166. https://doi.org/10.1016/B978-0-12-813641-6.00006-6
    DORA PSI
  • Orlando F, Waldner A, Bartels-Rausch T, Birrer M, Kato S, Lee M-T, et al.
    The environmental photochemistry of oxide surfaces and the nature of frozen salt solutions: a new in situ XPS approach
    Topics in Catalysis. 2016; 59(5-7): 591-604. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11244-015-0515-5
    DORA PSI

  • I studied chemistry in Würzburg (Germany), Trondheim (Norway) and at the Swiss Federal Institute of Technology in Zürich (ETH) where I received my master degree in 1999.
  • PhD at the University of Berne and the Paul Scherrer Institute (2003): Uptake of atmospheric trace gases on ice and snow surfaces. Thermodynamic description of adsorption processes. Work on the effect of snow properties on adsorption processes.
  • Post-Doc at the University of Toronto (Canada) with work in the laboratories of Jamie Donaldson and of Jon Abbatt. Investigation of the photolysis of nitrogen oxides on snow surfaces. Development of an experimental method to better characterise the ice surface and understand its role during uptake processes
  • Freelance science writer for the Neue Zürcher Zeitung
  • Since 2006 scientist in surface chemistry group at the Paul Scherrer Institute.

  • Bartels-Rausch T, Kong X, Orlando F, Artiglia L, Waldner A, Huthwelker T, et al.
    Interfacial supercooling and the precipitation of hydrohalite in frozen NaCl solutions as seen by X-ray absorption spectroscopy
    Cryosphere. 2021; 15(4): 2001-2020. https://doi.org/10.5194/tc-15-2001-2021
    DORA PSI
  • Yang H, Boucly A, Gabathuler JP, Bartels-Rausch T, Artiglia L, Ammann M
    Ordered hydrogen bonding structure of water molecules adsorbed on silver iodide particles under subsaturated conditions
    Journal of Physical Chemistry C. 2021; 125(21): 11628-11635. https://doi.org/10.1021/acs.jpcc.1c01767
    DORA PSI
  • Edebeli J, Trachsel JC, Avak SE, Ammann M, Schneebeli M, Eichler A, et al.
    Snow heterogeneous reactivity of bromide with ozone lost during snow metamorphism
    Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics. 2020; 20(21): 13443-13454. https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-20-13443-2020
    DORA PSI
  • Kong X, Castarède D, Boucly A, Artiglia L, Ammann M, Bartels-Rausch T, et al.
    Reversibly physisorbed and chemisorbed water on carboxylic salt surfaces under atmospheric conditions
    Journal of Physical Chemistry C. 2020; 124(9): 5263-5269. https://doi.org/10.1021/acs.jpcc.0c00319
    DORA PSI
  • Avak SE, Trachsel JC, Edebeli J, Brütsch S, Bartels‐Rausch T, Schneebeli M, et al.
    Melt‐induced fractionation of major ions and trace elements in an Alpine snowpack
    Journal of Geophysical Research F: Earth Surface. 2019; 124(7): 1647-1657. https://doi.org/10.1029/2019JF005026
    DORA PSI
  • Bartels-Rausch T, Montagnat M
    The physics and chemistry of ice
    Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society A: Mathematical, Physical and Engineering Sciences. 2019; 377(2146): 20190138 (5 pp.). https://doi.org/10.1098/rsta.2019.0138
    DORA PSI
  • Edebeli J, Ammann M, Bartels-Rausch T
    Microphysics of the aqueous bulk counters the water activity driven rate acceleration of bromide oxidation by ozone from 289–245 K
    Environmental Science: Processes and Impacts. 2019; 21(1): 63-73. https://doi.org/10.1039/C8EM00417J
    DORA PSI
  • Orlando F, Artiglia L, Yang H, Kong X, Roy K, Waldner A, et al.
    Disordered adsorbed water layers on TiO2 nanoparticles under subsaturated humidity conditions at 235 K
    Journal of Physical Chemistry Letters. 2019; 10(23): 7433-7438. https://doi.org/10.1021/acs.jpclett.9b02779
    DORA PSI
  • Thomas JL, Stutz J, Frey MM, Bartels-Rausch T, Altieri K, Baladima F, et al.
    Fostering multidisciplinary research on interactions between chemistry, biology, and physics within the coupled cryosphere-atmosphere system
    Elementa: Science of the Anthropocene. 2019; 7(1): 58 (16 pp.). https://doi.org/10.1525/elementa.396
    DORA PSI
  • Trachsel JC, Avak SE, Edebeli J, Schneebeli M, Bartels-Rausch T, Bruetsch S, et al.
    Microscale rearrangement of ammonium induced by snow metamorphism
    Frontiers in Earth Science. 2019; 7: 194 (19 pp.). https://doi.org/10.3389/feart.2019.00194
    DORA PSI
  • Ammann M, Artiglia L, Bartels-Rausch T
    X-Ray excited electron spectroscopy to study gase-liquid interfaces of atmospheric relevance
    In: Faust JA, House JE, eds. Physical chemistry of gas-liquid interfaces. Developments in physical & theoretical chemistry. Amsterdam: Elsevier; 2018:135-166. https://doi.org/10.1016/B978-0-12-813641-6.00006-6
    DORA PSI
  • Corral Arroyo P, Bartels-Rausch T, Alpert PA, Dumas S, Perrier S, George C, et al.
    Particle-phase photosensitized radical production and aerosol aging
    Environmental Science and Technology. 2018; 52(14): 7680-7688. https://doi.org/10.1021/acs.est.8b00329
    DORA PSI
  • Kong X, Wolf MJ, Roesch M, Thomson ES, Bartels-Rausch T, Alpert PA, et al.
    A continuous flow diffusion chamber study of sea salt particles acting as cloud nuclei: deliquescence and ice nucleation
    Tellus, Series B: Chemical and Physical Meteorology. 2018; 70(1): 1463806 (11 pp.). https://doi.org/10.1080/16000889.2018.1463806
    DORA PSI
  • Waldner A, Artiglia L, Kong X, Orlando F, Huthwelker T, Ammann M, et al.
    Pre-melting and the adsorption of formic acid at the air-ice interface at 253 K as seen by NEXAFS and XPS
    Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics. 2018; 20(37): 24408-24417. https://doi.org/10.1039/C8CP03621G
    DORA PSI
  • Artiglia L, Edebeli J, Orlando F, Chen S, Lee M-T, Corral Arroyo P, et al.
    A surface-stabilized ozonide triggers bromide oxidation at the aqueous solution-vapour interface
    Nature Communications. 2017; 8(1): 700 (8 pp.). https://doi.org/10.1038/s41467-017-00823-x
    DORA PSI
  • Barsotti F, Bartels-Rausch T, De Laurentiis E, Ammann M, Brigante M, Mailhot G, et al.
    Photochemical formation of nitrite and nitrous acid (HONO) upon irradiation of nitrophenols in aqueous solution and in viscous secondary organic aerosol proxy
    Environmental Science and Technology. 2017; 51(13): 7486-7495. https://doi.org/10.1021/acs.est.7b01397
    DORA PSI
  • Bartels-Rausch T, Orlando F, Kong X, Artiglia L, Ammann M
    Experimental evidence for the formation of solvation shells by soluble species at a nonuniform air-ice interface
    ACS Earth and Space Chemistry. 2017; 1(9): 572-579. https://doi.org/10.1021/acsearthspacechem.7b00077
    DORA PSI
  • Gržinić G, Bartels-Rausch T, Türler A, Ammann M
    Efficient bulk mass accommodation and dissociation of N2O5 in neutral aqueous aerosol
    Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics. 2017; 17(10): 6493-6502. https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-17-6493-2017
    DORA PSI
  • Kong X, Waldner A, Orlando F, Artiglia L, Huthwelker T, Ammann M, et al.
    Coexistence of physisorbed and solvated HCl at warm ice surfaces
    Journal of Physical Chemistry Letters. 2017; 8(19): 4757-4762. https://doi.org/10.1021/acs.jpclett.7b01573
    DORA PSI
  • Meusel H, Elshorbany Y, Kuhn U, Bartels-Rausch T, Reinmuth-Selzle K, Kampf CJ, et al.
    Light-induced protein nitration and degradation with HONO emission
    Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics. 2017; 17(19): 11819-11833. https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-17-11819-2017
    DORA PSI
  • González Palacios L, Corral Arroyo P, Aregahegn KZ, Steimer SS, Bartels-Rausch T, Nozière B, et al.
    Heterogeneous photochemistry of imidazole-2-carboxaldehyde: HO2 radical formation and aerosol growth
    Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics. 2016; 16(18): 11823-11836. https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-16-11823-2016
    DORA PSI
  • Orlando F, Waldner A, Bartels-Rausch T, Birrer M, Kato S, Lee M-T, et al.
    The environmental photochemistry of oxide surfaces and the nature of frozen salt solutions: a new in situ XPS approach
    Topics in Catalysis. 2016; 59(5-7): 591-604. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11244-015-0515-5
    DORA PSI
  • Gržinić G, Bartels-Rausch T, Berkemeier T, Türler A, Ammann M
    Viscosity controls humidity dependence of N2O5 uptake to citric acid aerosol
    Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics. 2015; 15(23): 13615-13625. https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-15-13615-2015
    DORA PSI
  • Bartels-Rausch T, Jacobi H-W, Kahan TF, Thomas JL, Thomson ES, Abbatt JPD, et al.
    A review of air-ice chemical and physical interactions (AICI): liquids, quasi-liquids, and solids in snow
    Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics. 2014; 14(3): 1587-1633. https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-14-1587-2014
    DORA PSI
  • George C, D'Anna B, Herrmann H, Weller C, Vaida V, Donaldson DJ, et al.
    Emerging areas in atmospheric photochemistry
    In: McNeill VF, Ariya PA, eds. Atmospheric and aerosol chemistry. Topics in current chemistry. Berlin Heidelberg: Srpinger; 2014:1-53. https://doi.org/10.1007/128_2012_393
    DORA PSI
  • Gržinić G, Bartels-Rausch T, Birrer M, Türler A, Ammann M
    Production and use of 13N labeled N2O5 to determine gas-aerosol interaction kinetics
    Radiochimica Acta. 2014; 102(11): 1025-1034. https://doi.org/10.1515/ract-2014-2244
    DORA PSI
  • Legrand M, Preunkert S, Frey M, Bartels-Rausch T, Kukui A, King MD, et al.
    Large mixing ratios of atmospheric nitrous acid (HONO) at Concordia (East Antarctic Plateau) in summer: a strong source from surface snow?
    Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics. 2014; 14(18): 9963-9976. https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-14-9963-2014
    DORA PSI
  • Bartels-Rausch T, Wren SN, Schreiber S, Riche F, Schneebeli M, Ammann M
    Diffusion of volatile organics through porous snow: impact of surface adsorption and grain boundaries
    Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics. 2013; 13(14): 6727-6739. https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-13-6727-2013
    DORA PSI
  • Bartels-Rausch T
    Ten things we need to know about ice and snow
    Nature. 2013; 494(7435): 27-29. https://doi.org/10.1038/494027a
    DORA PSI
  • Křepelová A, Bartels-Rausch T, Brown MA, Bluhm H, Ammann M
    Adsorption of acetic acid on ice studied by ambient-pressure XPS and partial-electron-yield NEXAFS spectroscopy at 230-240 K
    Journal of Physical Chemistry A. 2013; 117(2): 401-409. https://doi.org/10.1021/jp3102332
    DORA PSI
  • Bartels-Rausch T, Schneebeli M
    Comment on 'Possible contribution of triboelectricity to snow-air interactions'
    Environmental Chemistry. 2012; 9(2): 119-120. https://doi.org/10.1071/EN11147
    DORA PSI
  • Bartels-Rausch T, Bergeron V, Cartwright JHE, Escribano R, Finney JL, Grothe H, et al.
    Ice structures, patterns, and processes: a view across the icefields
    Reviews of Modern Physics. 2012; 84(2): 885-944. https://doi.org/10.1103/RevModPhys.84.885
    DORA PSI
  • Donaldson DJ, Ammann M, Bartels-Rausch T, Pöschl U
    Standard states and thermochemical kinetics in heterogeneous atmospheric chemistry
    Journal of Physical Chemistry A. 2012; 116(24): 6312-6316. https://doi.org/10.1021/jp212015g
    DORA PSI
  • McNeill VF, Grannas AM, Abbatt JPD, Ammann M, Ariya P, Bartels-Rausch T, et al.
    Organics in environmental ices: sources, chemistry, and impacts
    Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics. 2012; 12(20): 9653-9678. https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-12-9653-2012
    DORA PSI
  • Riche F, Bartels-Rausch T, Schreiber S, Ammann M, Schneebeli M
    Temporal evolution of surface and grain boundary area in artificial ice beads and implications for snow chemistry
    Journal of Glaciology. 2012; 58(210): 815-817. https://doi.org/10.3189/2012JoG12J058
    DORA PSI
  • Ulrich T, Ammann M, Leutwyler S, Bartels-Rausch T
    The adsorption of peroxynitric acid on ice between 230 K and 253 K
    Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics. 2012; 12(4): 1833-1845. https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-12-1833-2012
    DORA PSI
  • Bartels-Rausch T, Ulrich T, Huthwelker T, Ammann M
    A novel synthesis of the N-13 labeled atmospheric trace gas peroxynitric acid
    Radiochimica Acta. 2011; 99(5): 285-292. https://doi.org/10.1524/ract.2011.1830
    DORA PSI
  • Bartels-Rausch T, Krysztofiak G, Bernhard A, Schläppi M, Schwikowski M, Ammann M
    Photoinduced reduction of divalent mercury in ice by organic matter
    Chemosphere. 2011; 82(2): 199-203. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chemosphere.2010.10.020
    DORA PSI
  • Sosedova Y, Rouvière A, Bartels-Rausch T, Ammann M
    UVA/Vis-induced nitrous acid formation on polyphenolic films exposed to gaseous NO2
    Photochemical and Photobiological Sciences. 2011; 10(10): 1680-1690. https://doi.org/10.1039/c1pp05113j
    DORA PSI
  • Bartels-Rausch T, Brigante M, Elshorbany YF, Ammann M, D'Anna B, George C, et al.
    Humic acid in ice: photo-enhanced conversion of nitrogen dioxide into nitrous acid
    Atmospheric Environment. 2010; 44(40): 5443-5450. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.atmosenv.2009.12.025
    DORA PSI
  • Kerbrat M, Huthwelker T, Bartels-Rausch T, Gäggeler HW, Ammann M
    Co-adsorption of acetic acid and nitrous acid on ice
    Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics. 2010; 12(26): 7194-7202. https://doi.org/10.1039/b924782c
    DORA PSI
  • Bartels-Rausch T, Huthwelker T, Jöri M, Gäggeler H, Ammann M
    Interaction of gaseous elemental mercury with snow surfaces: laboratory investigation
    Environmental Research Letters. 2008; 3(4): 045009 (5 pp.). https://doi.org/10.1088/1748-9326/3/4/045009
    DORA PSI
  • Clifford D, Bartels-Rausch T, Donaldson DJ
    Suppression of aqueous surface hydrolysis by monolayers of short chain organic amphiphiles
    Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics. 2007; 9(11): 1362-1369. https://doi.org/10.1039/b617079j
    DORA PSI
  • Bartels-Rausch T, Huthwelker T, Gäggeler HW, Ammann M
    Atmospheric pressure coated-wall flow-tube study of acetone adsorption on ice
    Journal of Physical Chemistry A. 2005; 109(20): 4531-4539. https://doi.org/10.1021/jp045187l
    DORA PSI
  • Bartels-Rausch T, Guimbaud C, Gäggeler HW, Ammann M
    The partitioning of acetone to different types of ice and snow between 198 and 223 K
    Geophysical Research Letters. 2004; 31(16): L16110 (4 pp.). https://doi.org/10.1029/2004GL020070
    DORA PSI
  • Guimbaud C, Bartels-Rausch T, Ammann M
    An atmospheric pressure chemical ionization mass spectrometer (APCI-MS) combined with a chromatographic technique to measure the adsorption enthalpy of acetone on ice
    International Journal of Mass Spectrometry. 2003; 226(2): 279-290. https://doi.org/10.1016/S1387-3806(03)00019-8
    DORA PSI
  • Bartels-Rausch T, Eichler B, Zimmermann P, Gäggeler HW, Ammann M
    The adsorption enthalpy of nitrogen oxides on crystalline ice
    Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics. 2002; 2(3): 235-247. https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-2-235-2002
    DORA PSI