Search for the neutron electric dipole moment at PSI: The n2EDM Project of the nEDM collaboration

In order to address this fundamental question, which has perplexed cosmologists for half a century, we need to look beyond our Standard Model (SM) of particle physics. Some of the most sensitive probes we have of such “new” physics arise from non-accelerator experiments. One such is the search for an electric dipole moment (EDM) of the neutron. EDMs violate both parity and time-reversal symmetries, and they therefore provide some of the tightest constraints upon models beyond the SM that attempt to reconcile the low level of CP violation observed in K and B systems with the large baryon asymmetry of the Universe. The current world limit of 2.9 x 10-26 e.cm, set in 2006 by the RAL-Sussex-ILL EDM collaboration, already requires considerable fine-tuning of MSSM parameters - the so-called "SUSY CP problem". The measurement is carried out by using NMR to determine the Larmor precession frequency, in parallel and antiparallel magnetic and electric fields, of ultracold neutrons trapped in a storage cell - a sort of atomic clock, but using neutrons instead of atoms. A change in frequency with applied electric field is the signature of an EDM. The level of precision is astonishing: the system can detect an energy-level splitting of 10-21 eV, and yet it is sensitive to aspects of physics at energy scales well beyond that achievable at the LHC.
The neutron electric dipole moment (nEDM) is a measure for the distribution of positive and negative charge inside the neutron. A finite electric dipole moment can only exist if the centers of the negative and positive charge distribution inside the particle do not coincide. So far, no neutron EDM has been found. Read more in the Wikipedia entry...

  

After running nEDM with the world’s best sensitivity in 2015/16, see PRL, we are constructing n2EDM for at least an order of magnitude improvement. The technical design of our new n2EDM apparatus has been published in arXiv:2101.08730

CAD image of the n2EDM apparatus without the surrounding active magnetic shield (AMS) and the so-called "thermohouse", the outside layer for thermal insulation.

The magnetically shielded room (MSR) of the n2EDM apparatus, commissioned in 2020.
Magnetically shielded room with ultralow magnetic field in the central 25 m3 volume finished commissioning. Read on… 
New limit on the nEDM: The nEDM collaboration at PSI has published in Physical Review Letters the most sensitive measurement of the neutron EDM to date: dn= (0.0 ± 1.1stat ± 0.2sys) × 10-26 e·cm. Read on… 

Constructing n2EDM After running nEDM with the world’s best sensitivity in 2015/16, we are constructing n2EDM for an order of magnitude improvement.

ERC Starting Grants Awards Two members of our collaboration, Guillaume Pignol and Florian Piegsa, have been awarded ERC Starting Grants for research projects connected to the neutron EDM search.