NCCR-CLIMATE Phase II (WP4): Energy Technology Strategies (ETS)
The overarching questions of WP4.1 (ETS) of NCCR-Climate/Phase II are as follows:
- Which are the energy technology strategies towards the 2-kW society in Switzerland?
- How could these energy technology strategies be implemented, which are the acceptability issues and supporting policy instruments in the Swiss context?
- Which is the role of biofuels in mitigation strategies in Switzerland?
Our analysis will be conducted primarily using the energy-system Swiss MARKAL model. The MARKAL approach refers to a perfect-foresight, optimization model with a detailed representation of energy technologies at the primary, secondary and useful energy levels. Due to the latter characteristic, these models are commonly referred to as "bottom-up" models. The Swiss MARKAL model will be used to develop alternative scenarios of the evolution of the Swiss energy system in the next 50 years.
In order to obtain insights into the economic consequences of alternative technological trajectories of the energy system, the Swiss MARKAL model will be coupled to macro-economic models of Switzerland developed by other partners within WP4 of NCCR-Climate. In addition, we will use the Life Cycle Analysis (LCA) methodology, in order to examine specific questions related to the role of biofuels in the Swiss context.
- Prof. A. Wokaun (PI)
- L. Barreto
- S. Kypreos
- T.F. Schulz
- M. Spielmann
- T. Gül
Schulz, T., L. Barreto, S. Kypreos, S. Stucki (2007). Assessing wood-based synthetic natural gas technologies using the SWISS-MARKAL model, Energy, Vol. 32(10), pp. 1948-1959, DOI: 10.1016/j.energy.2007.03.006
Barreto, L., T. Schulz and S. Kypreos (2006). Impact of CO2 Constraints on the Swiss Energy System: A long-term Analysis with the Swiss MARKAL Model. Contribution to the NCCR-Climate WP4 Report to the Bundesamt für Umwelt (BAFU) on "Climate Vulnerability and Policy in a Post-Kyoto World", Paul Scherrer Institute
Schulz, T.F., L. Barreto, S. Kypreos and S. Stucki (2006). Assessment of Biomass-based Synthetic Natural Gas Technologies with the Swiss Energy-System MARKAL Model, NCCR-Climate WP4 Research Paper Series, Download (0.8MB)
Spielmann, M. (2006). Life cycle Inventories for Swiss passenger cars, Report for the Swiss Centre of Life Cycle Inventories, Paul Scherrer Institute
Schulz, T. (2007). Intermediate Steps towards the 2000-Watt Society in Switzerland: An Energy-Economic Scenario Analysis, Ph.D. Thesis, Nr. 17314, ETH Zürich, Abstract (0.2MB)
Ragettli, M. (2007). Cost Outlook for the Production of Biofuels, Master Thesis, ETH Zürich, Download (1.6MB)
Schulz T.F, L. Barreto, S. Kypreos and S. Stucki (2006). Assessing Wood-Based Synthetic Natural Gas Technologies using the Swiss-MARKAL model, International Energy Workshop, 27-29 June, Cape Town, South Africa, Presentation
Wokaun, A., S. Kypreos, L. Barreto, D. Krzyzanowski, P. Rafaj and T. Schulz (2005). Strategien für eine kosteneffiziente Klimaschutzpolitik, Swiss NCCR-Climate 2005 Pitstop Conference (Boxenstopp), 17 May, Bern, Switzerland, Presentation