First Observation of P-odd γ Asymmetry in Polarized Neutron Capture on Hydrogen

We report the first observation of the parity-violating gamma-ray asymmetry Aγnp in neutron-proton capture using polarized cold neutrons incident on a liquid parahydrogen target at the Spallation Neutron Source at Oak Ridge National Laboratory. Aγnp isolates the ΔI=1, 3S13P1 component of the weak nucleon-nucleon interaction, which is dominated by pion exchange and can be directly related to a single coupling constant in either the DDH meson exchange model or pionless effective field theory.