Coexisting multiple order parameters in single-layer LuMnO3 films
Magnetoelectric multiferroics hold great promise for electrical control of magnetism or magnetic control of ferroelectricity. However, single phase ferroelectric materials with a sizeable ferromagnetic magnetization are rare. Here, we demonstrate that a single-phase orthorhombic LuMnO3 thin film features coexisting magnetic and ferroelectric orders. The temperature dependence of the different order parameters are presented with ferromagnetic order appearing below 100 K and thus at much higher temperatures than ferroelectricity or antiferromagnetism (TN, TFE ≤ 40K).