Quantum Technologies Collaboration at PSI (QTC@PSI)
A nucleation point of PSI competences towards the quantum technology initiative.
PSI's expertise in the study of quantum matter and engineering of nanoelectronics is directly connected to the availability of world-class large-scale facilities, such as the SINQ neutron and SµS muon source, the SLS synchrotron and the SwissFEL x-ray free-electron laser.
The Quantum Technology Collaboration at PSI (QTC@PSI) serves as a platform to coalesce key competences and know-how (imaging, spectroscopy, sample synthesis, nanofabrication and theory) that will lead to the development of components required to implement quantum technology in everyday life. Critical expertise in nanofabrication, optical amplifiers & microwave technology, metrology, cryogenics & magnet engineering, as well as detector technology exist at PSI today. This combination of scientific excellence in materials science and quantum materials along with the technological know-how and large scale facilities means PSI is uniquely positioned to make significant contributions to the quantum revolution that now is unfolding worldwide.
First demonstration of a Germanium laser
Scientist at the Paul Scherrer Institut and ETH Zürich, with colleagues from CEA Grenoble, have demonstrated and characterized a technology that, for the first time, yields lasing from strained elemental Germanium. This achievement underlines PSI’s leading role in the development of Silicon-compatible laser light sources.
First Demonstration of Sub-femtosecond X-ray Pulses at SwissFEL
We have produced ultra-short X-ray FEL pulses at SwissFEL by strongly compressing low-charge electron beams. Single-shot spectral measurements with only a single mode (see the figure below) indicate a pulse duration well below one femtosecond (detailed analysis on the exact pulse duration is ongoing).
EU bewilligt 14 Millionen für Schweizer Forschende
Ein Team mit drei Forschenden aus dem ETH-Bereich wurde mit einem prestigeträchtigen EU-Förderpreis ausgezeichnet. Heute erhielten sie den von der EU unterzeichneten Vertrag zur Bestätigung der ausserordentlich hohen Finanzierung in Höhe von 14 Millionen Euro. Damit werden sie Quanteneffekte untersuchen, die das Rückgrat der Elektronik der Zukunft bilden könnten.
Giant multiphoton absorption points towards new methods for THz quantum control
In findings recently published in Nature Photonics, a team including researchers from the UK, the Netherlands and Photon Sciences division head Gabriel Aeppli have investigated multi-photon THz absorption in Si:P. Their studies, using the THz free-electron laser FELIX, discovered a two photon absorption cross-section ten orders of magnitude higher than that of a natural hydrogen atom and may enable new methods in quantum control. In addition to the original publication their findings are also discussed in a 'News and Views' article.
Coupled quantum wires realize Abelian and non-Abelian topological order in two-dimensional space
Christopher Mudry and his collaborators have shown theoretically how to construct strongly interacting phases of matter that realize topological order in two-dimensional space by strongly coupling quantum wire. Remarkably, their model supports both Abelian topological order (ATO) and non-Abelian topological order (NATO) with a continuous phase transition separating them. Read the full paper here
Dr. Nan Xu awarded SPS 2017 Prize in Condensed Matter Physics
The SPS 2017 Prize in Condensed Matter Physics, sponsored by IBM, has been awarded to Dr. Nan Xu for his excellent work on topological quantum states. Dr. Nan Xu is a joint postdoc of Paul Scherrer Institute (PSI) and the École Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne (EPFL).
Coherent superpositions of three states for phosphorous donors in silicon prepared using THz radiation
Superposition of orbital eigenstates is crucial to quantum technology utilizing atoms, such as atomic clocks and quantum computers, and control over the interaction between atoms and their neighbours is an essential ingredient for both gating and readout. A team of researchers including Photon Science division head Gabriel Aeppli has demonstrated THz laser pulse control of Si:P orbitals using multiple orbital state admixtures, observing beat patterns produced by Zeeman splitting. The beats are an observable signature of the ability to control the path of the electron, which implies we can now control the strength and duration of the interaction of the atom with different neighbours. This could simplify surface code networks which require spatially controlled interaction between atoms. The full article can be read in Nature Communications
Scientists get first direct look at how electrons ‘dance’ with vibrating atoms
Scientists at the SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory and Stanford University - one of the leading authors, Simon Gerber, has in the meantime relocated to PSI - have made the first direct measurements, and by far the most precise ones, of how electrons move in sync with atomic vibrations rippling through an quantum material, in the present study an unconventional superconductor, as if they were “dancing" to the same beat.
Nondestructive imaging of atomically thin nanostructures buried in silicon
A team of researchers including Photon Sciences division head Gabriel Aeppli have demonstrated the first non-destructive imaging of atomically thin nanostructures in silicon. Such structures are the building blocks of quantum devices for physics research and are likely to serve as key components of devices for next-generation classical and quantum information processing. Until now, the characteristics of buried dopant nanostructures could only be inferred from destructive techniques and/or the performance of the final electronic device; this severely limits engineering and manufacture of real-world devices based on atomic-scale lithography. In work recently published in Science Advances, the team use scanning microwave microscopy (SMM) to image and electronically characterize three-dimensional phosphorus nanostructures fabricated via scanning tunneling microscope based lithography.