PD, Dr. Georg Kosakowski

photo of Georg Kosakowski Scientist
Transport Mechanisms Group

Paul Scherrer Institute
5232 Villigen PSI

Telephone: +41 56 310 4743
E-mail: georg.kosakowski@psi.ch

Research interests

  • Flow and reactive transport in fractured heterogeneous porous media
  • Numerical modelling of radionuclide transport in the geosphere
  • Application of numerical models for the risk assessment of the swiss nuclear waste deposits
  • Molecular modelling of diffusion processes in clays


Peer-reviewed journal articles

Leal, A. MM., Kulik, D. A., Kosakowski, G., Saar, M. O., 2016. Computational methods for reactive transport modeling: An extended law of mass-action, xLMA, method for multiphase equilibrium calculations, Advances in Water Resources. doi: 10.1016/j.advwatres.2016.08.008

Poonoosamy, J., Curti, E., Kosakowski, G., Grolimund, D., Van Loon, L.R., Mäder, U., 2016. Barite precipitation following celestite dissolution in a porous medium: A SEM/BSE and μ-XRD/XRF study. Geochimica Cosmochimica Acta 182, 131-144. doi:10.1016/j.gca.2016.03.011

Fowler, S.J., Kosakowski, G., Driesner, T., Kulik, D.A., Wagner, T., Wilhelm, S., Masset, O., 2016. Numerical Simulation of Reactive Fluid Flow on Unstructured Meshes. Transport in Porous Media 112, 283-312. doi:10.1007/s11242-016-0645-7

Leal, A. MM., Kulik, D. A, Kosakowski, G., 2016. Computational methods for reactive transport modeling: A Gibbs energy minimization approach for multiphase equilibrium calculations. Advances in Water Resources, 88, 321-240, doi: 10.1016/j.advwatres.2015.11.021

Thien, B. M. J., Kosakowski, G., Kulik, D. A., 2015. Differential alteration of basaltic lava flows and hyaloclastites in Icelandic hydrothermal systems. Geothermal Energy, 3(1), 11. doi:10.1186/s40517-015-0031-7

Poonoosamy, J., Kosakowski, G., Van Loon, L.,Mäder, U., 2015. Dissolution-Precipitation Processes in Tank Experiments for Testing Numerical Models for Reactive Transport Calculations: Experiments and Modelling. Journal of Contaminant Hydrology, 177-178, 1–17. doi:10.1016/j.jconhyd.2015.02.007

Perko, J., Mayer, K. U., Kosakowski, G., De Windt, L., Govaerts, J., Jacques, D., Meeussen, J. C. L., 2015. Decalcification of cracked cement structures. Computational Geosciences, 19(3), 673–693. doi:10.1007/s10596-014-9467-2

Hingerl, F. F., Kosakowski, G., Wagner, T., Kulik, D. a., Driesner, T., 2014. GEMSFIT: a generic fitting tool for geochemical activity models. Computational Geosciences, 18(2), 227-242. doi:10.1007/s10596-014-9405-3.

Kosakowski, G., Watanabe, N., 2014. OpenGeoSys-Gem: A numerical tool for calculating geochemical and porosity changes in saturated and partially saturated media. Physics and Chemistry of the Earth, Parts A/B/C, 70-71, 138-149, doi:10.1016/j.pce.2013.11.008.

Kulik, D. a., Wagner, T., Dmytrieva, S. V., Kosakowski, G., Hingerl, F. F., Chudnenko, K. V., Berner, U. R., 2013. GEM-Selektor geochemical modeling package: revised algorithm and GEMS3K numerical kernel for coupled simulation codes. Computational Geosciences, 17(1), 1-24. doi:10.1007/s10596-012-9310-6.

Kosakowski, G., Berner, U. 2013. The evolution of clay rock/cement interfaces in a cementitious repository for low- and intermediate level radioactive waste. Physics and Chemistry of the Earth, Parts A/B/C, 64, 65–86. doi:10.1016/j.pce.2013.01.003.

Shao, H., Kosakowski, G., Berner, U., Kulik, D.A., Mäder, U., Kolditz, O. 2013. Reactive transport modeling of the clogging process at Maqarin natural analogue site. Physics and Chemistry of the Earth, Parts A/B/C,64, 21-31. doi:10.1016/j.pce.2013.01.002.

Berner, U., Kulik, D. A., & Kosakowski, G. 2013. Geochemical impact of a low-pH cement liner on the near field of a repository for spent fuel and high-level radioactive waste. Physics and Chemistry of the Earth, Parts A/B/C, 64,46-56. doi:10.1016/j.pce.2013.03.007

Kolditz, O., Bauer, S., Bilke, L., Böttcher, N., Delfs, J. O., Fischer, T., Görke, U. J., Kalbacher, T., Kosakowski, G. , McDermott, C. I., Park, C. H., Radu, F., Rink, K., Shao, H., Shao, H. B., Sun, F., Sun, Y. , Singh, A. K., Taron, J., Walther, M., Wang, W., Watanabe, N., Wu, Y., Xie, M., Xu, W., Zehner, B., 2012. OpenGeoSys: an open-source initiative for numerical simulation of thermo-hydro-mechanical/chemical (THM/C) processes in porous media, Environmental Earth Sciences, 67(2), 589-599, doi:10.1007/s12665-012-1546-x.

Hayek, M., Kosakowski, G., Jakob, A., Churakov, S., 2012. A class of analytical solutions for multi-dimensional multi-species diffusive transport coupled with precipitation-dissolution reactions and porosity changes, Water Resources Research, 48, W03525, 19pp., doi:10.1029/2011WR011663.

Gimmi, T., Kosakowski, G. , 2011. How Mobile Are Sorbed Cations in Clays and Clay Rocks? Environmental Science & Technology, 45(4), 1443-1449, doi: 10.1021/es1027794

Hayek, M., Kosakowski, G. , Churakov, S., 2011. Exact analytical solutions for a diffusion problem coupled with a precipitation-dissolution reaction and feedback of porosity change Water Resources Research, 47, W07545, 13 pp., doi: 10.1029/2010WR010321

Churakov, S. V., Kosakowski, G. 2010. An ab initio molecular dynamics study of hydronium complexation in Na-montmorillonite. Philosophical Magazine, 90(17-18), 2459-2474, doi:10.1080/14786430903559474

Kosakowski, G., Blum, P., Kulik, D., Pfingsten, W., Shao, H., Singh, A., 2009. Evolution of a generic clay/cement interface. First reactive transport calculations utilizing a Gibbs energy minimization based approach for geochemical calculations. Journal of Environmental Science for Sustainable Society, 3, 41-49.

Wang, W., Kosakowski, G., Kolditz, O., 2009. A parallel finite element scheme for thermo-hydro-mechanical (THM) coupled problems in porous media. Computers & Geosciences, 35(8), 1631-1641.

Shao, H., Dmytrieva S. V., Kolditz O., Kulik D. A., Pfingsten, W., Kosakowski G., 2009. Modeling reactive transport in a non-ideal aqueous - solid solution system. Applied Geochemistry, 24(7), 1287-1300.

McDermott, C., Walsh, R., Mettier, R., Kosakowski, G., Kolditz, O., 2009. Hybrid analytical and finite element numerical modeling of mass and heat transport in fractured rocks with matrix diffusion. Computational Geosciences, 13(3), 349-361, doi:10.1007/s10596-008-9123-9.

Shao H., Kulik D.A., Berner U., Kosakowski G., Kolditz O., 2009. Modeling the competition between solid solution formation and cation exchange on the retardation of aqueous radium in an idealized bentonite column. Geochemical Journal 43, e37-e42.

Kosakowski, G., McDermott, C., 2008. Modelling matrix diffusion - Results of a benchmark study. Journal of Environmental Science for Sustainable Society, 2, 57-62.

Kosakowski, G.; Churakov, S. V.; Thoenen, T., 2008. Diffusion of Na and Cs in montmorillonite. Clays and Clay Minerals, 56(2), 190-206.

Kalbacher, T., Mettier, R., McDermott, C., Wang,W., Kosakowski, G., Taniguchi, T., Kolditz, O., 2007. Geometric modelling and object-oriented software concepts applied to a heterogeneous fractured network from the Grimsel rock laboratory, Computational Geosciences, 11(1), 9-26. doi:10.1007/s10596-006-9032-8

Mettier, R., Kosakowski, G. ,Kolditz, O., 2006. Influence of small scale heterogeneities on contaminant transport in fractured crystalline rock, Ground Water, 44(5), 687-696, doi:10.1111/j.1745-6584.2006.00236.x.

Kosakowski, G., 2004. Anomalous transport of colloids and solutes in a shear Zone. Journal of Contaminant Hydrology 72(1-4), 23-46, doi:10.1016/j.jconhyd.2003.10.005

Park, J.-Y., Lee, K.-K., Kosakowski, G., & Berkowitz, B., 2003. Transport behavior in three-dimensional fracture intersections, Water Resources Research, 39(8), 1215, doi:10.1029/2002WR001801.

Thorenz, C., Kosakowski, G., Kolditz, O. & Berkowitz, B., 2002. An experimental and numerical investigation of saltwater movement in coupled saturated/partially-saturated systems.. Water Resources Research, 38(6), 1001, doi:10.1029/2001WR000364.

Berkowitz, B., Kosakowski, G., Margolin, G. & Scher, H., 2001. Application of continuous time random walk theory to tracer test measurements in fractured and heterogeneous porous media. Groundwater, 39(4), 593-604.

Kosakowski, G., Berkowitz, B., & Scher, H., 2001.Analysis of field observations of anomalous transport in a fractured till. Journal of Contaminant Hydrology, 47, 29-51.

Kosakowski, G., & B. Berkowitz, 1999. Flow pattern variability in natural fracture intersections. Geophysical Research Letters 26(12), 1765-1768.

Kosakowski, G., Kunert, V., Clauser, C., Franke, W. & Neugebauer, H. J., 1999. Hydrothermal transients in Variscian crust: paleo-temperature mapping and hydrothermal models. Tectonophysics, 306(3-4), 325-344.

Kolditz, O. Kasper, H., Kosakowski, G. & Taniguchi, T., 1997. Hydrogeologic Analysis: Modelling of Subsurface Flow and Transport. - Beitrag zur Jahrestagung 1996 der Fachsektion Geoinformatik der Deutschen Geologischen Gesellschaft. Zentralblatt für Geologie und Paläontologie Teil 1, 1/2, 765-782.

Kosakowski, G., Kasper, H., Taniguchi, T., Kolditz, O. & Zielke, W., 1997. Analysis of groundwater flow and transport in fractured Rock - Geometric complexity of numerical modelling. Zeitschrift für angewandte Geologie, 43(2), 81-84.

Kasper, H., Kosakowski, G., Taniguchi, T., & Zielke W., 1995. Coupled Geometric Modelling for the Analysis of Groundwater Flow and Transport in Fractured Rock, Notes on Numerical Fluid Mechanics, 51, 106-116.

Books, book chapters

He, W., Poonoosamy, J., Kosakowski, G., Van Loon, L.R., Mäder, U., Kalbacher, T., 2016. Reactive Transport., in: (Eds) Kolditz, O., Görke, UW.,Shao, H., Wang, W., Bauer, S.,Thermo-Hydro-Mechanical-Chemical Processes in Fractured Porous Media: Modelling and Benchmarking, Springer, pp. 179–197. doi:10.1007/978-3-319-29224-3_10

Kosakowski, G., 1996. Modellierung von Strömungs- und Transportprozessen in geklüfteten Medien: Vom natürlichen Kluftsystem zum numerischen Gitternetzwerk. Doctoral Thesis, Fortschritt-Berichte, 7(304), VDI Verlag, Düsseldorf.

Kasper, H., Taniguchi, T. & Kosakowski, G., 1995. Dreidimensionale Hydrogeologische Modelle zur Finite-Elemente-Analyse geogener Strömungs- und Transportprozesse. In: Buziek, G. (Hrsg.): GIS in Forschung und Praxis, Konrad Wittwer Verlag.

Peer-reviewed reports

Kosakowski, G., Smith, P. 2014. Long -term evolution of the Engineered Gas Transport System, Nagra Arbeitsberichte NAB 14-16, Wettingen, Switzerland, Nagra.

Kosakowski, G., Berner, U., Wieland, E., Glaus, M. A., Degueldre, C., 2014. Geochemical evolution of the L/ILW near-field. Nagra Technical Report NTB 14-11, Wettingen, Switzerland, Nagra.

Bradbury, M. H., Berner, U., Curti, E., Hummel, W., Kosakowski, G., Thoenen, T., 2014. Geochemical near-field evolution of a deep geological repository for spent fuel and high-level radioactive waste. Nagra Technical Report NTB 12-01, Wettingen, Switzerland.

Kosakowski, G., Smith, P., 2005. Modelling the transport of solutes and colloids in the Grimsel Migration shear zone. PSI-Bericht Nr. 05-03, Paul Scherrer Institut, Villigen, Switzerland, and Nagra Technical Report 04-01, Wettingen Switzerland.

Smith, P. A., Guimerà, J., Kosakowski, G., Pudewills, A., Ibaraki, M., 2006. Grimsel Test Site Investigation Phase V The CRR Final Project Report Series III: Results of the Supporting Modelling Programme. Nagra Technical Report 03-03, Nationale Genossenschaft für die Lagerung radioaktiver Abfälle (NAGRA), Wettingen Switzerland.

Kosakowski, G., 2004. Time-dependent flow and transport calculations for Project Opalinus Clay (Entsorgungsnachweis). PSI-Bericht 04-10, Paul Scherrer Institut, Villigen, Switzerland, and Nagra Technical Report 03-10, Wettingen Switzerland.


1986 - 1992 Diplom-Geophysiker (Dipl.-Geophys.) Institute of Geophysics, University of Münster, Germany Thesis-advisor: Prof. J. Untiedt and Prof. H. J. Duerbaum Estimation of transmissivity and porosity in an heterogeneous gravel aquifer. (in German)

1993 - 1996 Dr. rer. nat. Chair of Geodynamics - Physics of the Lithosphere, University of Bonn, Germany Thesis advisors: Prof. H. J. Neugebauer and Dr.C. Clauser Numerical simulation of flow and transport processes in fractured media: from the natural fracture system to the numerical network. (in German)

2007 Habilitation Faculty of Geosciences, University of Tübingen, Venia Legendi for Environmental Geology and Hydroinformatics

*2016 Umhabilitation University of Bern, Venia Docendi for Hydrology and Hydroinformatics

Professional experience

2000 - present Senior Scientist Laboratory for Waste Management, Nuclear Energy and Safety Research Division, Paul Scherrer Institut, Switzerland

1998 - 2000 Post Doctoral Fellow Weizmann Institute of Science, Department of Environmental Sciences and Energy Research, Rehovot, Israel

1996 - 1998 Scientist Geological Survey of Lower Saxony, Section for Geothermics and Groundwater Hydraulics, Hannover, Germany

1993 - 1996 Graduate Research Assistant Geological Survey of Lower Saxony, Section for Geothermics and Groundwater Hydraulics, Hannover, Germany

1992 Deutsche Montan Technologie, Essen, Germany


2015 Transport processes in concrete Thermodynamic modeling of concrete with GEM-SELEKTOR Hiroshima University, Japan

2015 Geostatistics University of Bern, Switzerland

2003 - 2013 Applied Geostatistics I and II, Statistics in earth sciences Center for Applied Geoscience, University of Tübingen, Germany

2006, 2008 University of Okayama, Japan