Finding the Right Technique

The Swiss Light Source will have 18 operational experiment stations by 2014, representing a wide range of scientific techniques covering physical sciences, life sciences and engineering.

The matrix below describes the instrumentation and techniques available at the SLS. To read more about the specifications of the instrumentation described in the matrix and/or for more information about ongoing/in-house research at a specific beamline, please refer to the corresponding beamline website(s) or contact us by e-mail or by phone +41 56 310 5427.

Beamline Finder

SLS Beamlines

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Long Beamline Name + Description Insertion Device
Advanced Resonant Spectroscopies
The beamline is constructed to deliver soft-X-ray radiation and has a Resonant Inelastic X-ray Scattering (RIXS) endstation and an Angle-Resolved Photoelectron Emission (ARPES) endstation. The scientific activity at the beamline is focussed on correlated systems (transition metals and rare earths) and nanostructures.
Infrared Micro-Spectrometer
IR spectroscopy is mainly used to investigate the chemical composition of samples. The technique is easy-to-use, non-destructive, and is useful in astronomy, biology, chemistry, and forensic sciences, for example. IR spectroscopy is used as well to investigate low energy excitations in the condensed phase.
Bending magnet
Materials Science Beamline - Powder Diffraction
Besides standard structural studies of capillary and flat plate samples, the PD instrument, with its various attachments and detectors, allows investigations of residual stress, texture, and real-time, in-situ processes. Plans exist to use the instrument in both high-resolution and fast access modes for studies of zeolite catalysts, intermetallic hydrogen storage materials, inked polymers, refractory ceramics and metallic multilayers.
Materials Science Beamline - Surface Diffraction
Surface diffraction is a unique tool for determining the detailed atomic structure of crystalline surfaces. Please find a selection of research highlights performed at this endstation on /sls/ms/Station2_ResearchEN
Micro X-ray Absorption Spectroscopy
At the microXAS beamline X-ray absorption spectroscopy (XAS) and X-ray fluorescence (XRF) experiments requiring high spatial resolution can be performed. Furthermore, the beamline allows investigations of time-dependent phenomena in the femtosecond time regime.
Combination Scanning Transmission X-Ray Microspectroscope and Scanning Probe Microscope
The NanoXAS endstation consists of a scanning transmission X-ray microscope (STXM) in combination with a scanning probe microscope (SPM). By combining these techniques, the NanoXAS is able to obtain elemental and chemical composition, oxidation states, molecular orientation, topography, surface forces, as well as electric and magnetic properties on a variety of specimens with nanoscale resolution.
Bending Magnet
PhotoEmission and Atomic Resolution Laboratory
The PEARL (PhotoEmission and Atomic Resolution Laboratory) beamline is dedicated to the structural characterisation of surfaces and adsorbates with atomic resolution X-ray photoelectron diffraction (XPD) and scanning tunnelling microscopy.
Bending Magnet
Macromolecular Crystallography
The first beam line for protein crystallography X06SA (PXI) is particularly suited for large unit cells and small crystals.
Macromolecular Crystallography
The second beam line for protein crystallography has been jointly funded by the Max Planck Society (MPG) and the pharmaceutical companies Novartis and Hoffmann La Roche. The three partners and the Paul Scherrer Institute are therefore the principal users of this facility. The design and construction of beam line X10SA (PXII) is based on the highly successful first beam line X06SA (PXI) and is particularly suited for large unit cells and small crystals. As an option that can be applied for by all users, crystallographic data collection can be complemented by optical spectroscopy with an on-axis microspectrophotometer.
Macromolecular Crystallography
X06DA (PXIII) is the third protein crystallography beamline at the Swiss Light Source. It is funded by a partnership between the Paul Scherrer Institut and Swiss and international pharmaceutical companies (Novartis, Actelion, Boehringer Ingelheim and Proteros). Complementing the existing high performance undulator beamlines X06SA and X10SA, the optical concept and the experimental environment for PXIII have been optimized for simplicity. The beamline receives light from a 2.9T superbend magnet. The optical design results in a sub 100 micron x 100 micron focused beam at the sample position with a total photon flux comparable to an undulator beamline. The experimental station offers both efficient manual mounting with a mini-hutch design and automatic robotic sample mounting. In addition, a crystallization facility will be built in the beamline as well.
Tender X-Ray microspectroscopy
PHOENIX is a microspectroscopy beamline, which covers the energy range between 0.8-8keV, providing access to the K-edges of light elements (Na-Fe), with a beam size of 3X3 micrometre suited for imaging and spectroscopy. X-ray absorption spectroscopy (XAS) can be performed in fluorescence, transmission and total electron yield mode.
The beamline offers a versatile sample environment, which allows users to adapt own in situ experiments to the beamline. The tender energy range provides research opportunities in many fields, including environmental science, chemistry, catalysis, energy research, biology, geology, or archaeology.
Highly Versatile Scanning Transmission X-Ray Microspectroscope
PolLUX beamline allows the measuring of chemical maps on the nanometre scale. Such analyses serve materials science in the study of magnetism in nanostructures, which could ultimately lead to new magnetic storage systems. Environmental science also benefits from the PolLUX beamline.
Bending Magnet
Surfaces / Interfaces Microscopy
The permanent endstation of the SIM beamline is a Photoemission Electron microscope (PEEM) (Model: LEEM III, Elmitec GmbH). It allows to image samples using the photoelectric effect with very high spatial resolution.
UE56 (twins)
Surface and Interface Spectroscopy - High-Resolution-Photoemission Spectroscopy (HRPES)
The Surface and Interface Spectroscopy beamline (SIS) provides a state-of-the-art experimental set-up to study the electronic and atomic structure of surfaces. The beamline has been designed for high photon energy resolution with low harmonic contamination and flexible light polarization. The high-resolution photoemission spectroscopy (HR-PES)endstation is designed for angle-resolved photoelectron spectroscopy (ARPES) and photoelectron diffraction (PED)
UE212 (twins)
Surface and Interface Spectroscopy - Complete Photoemission Experiment (COPHEE)
The Surface and Interface Spectroscopy beamline (SIS) provides a state-of-the-art experimental set-up to study the electronic and atomic structure of surfaces. The beamline has been designed for high photon energy resolution with low harmonic contamination and flexible light polarization. COPHEE, the complete photoemission experiment can measure all properties of photoelectrons excited from a sample surface, namely energy, momentum and spin-polarization.
UE212 (twins)
Surface and Interface Spectroscopy - User
The Surface and Interface Spectroscopy beamline (SIS) provides a state-of-the-art experimental set-up to study the electronic and atomic structure of surfaces. The beamline has been designed for high photon energy resolution with low harmonic contamination and flexible light polarization. The User-endstation...
UE212 (twins)
X-ray absorption and emission spectroscopy (XAS and XES)
The SuperXAS beamline includes a large variety of detection systems and sample environments and is thus attractive for researchers from a variety of fields: e.g. material science, catalysis, environmental science, biology, geology and archeology. Techniques that are available at the beamline include time resolved X- ray absorption fine structure (XAFS) spectroscopy (minute to the milli second range), X-ray fluorescence (XRF) and X-ray emission spectroscopy (XES).
Tomographic Microscopy and Coherent Radiology Experiments
The beamline provides monochromatic as well as white beam to a state-of-the art tomographic microscopy endstation. The endstation performs absorption as well as phase contrast imaging with an isotropic voxel size ranging from 0.360 microns up to 14.8 microns.Phase contrast is obtained either with simple edge-enhancement, a modified transport of intensity approach or with grating interferometry. Typical acquisition times are in the order of few minutes, depending on energy and resolution. The scientific activity at the beamline is focussed on the development of phase contrast imaging techniques, as well as the visualization and quantification of complex 3D-microstructures in biological materials.
Vacuum Ultraviolet Radiation
The scientific activity at the beamline is focussed on reactions and species relevant to low temperature combustion. Laser spectroscopy and time-of-flight mass spectrometry have been applied as means to characterize short-lived intermediate compounds that govern ignition. Expanding the scope of our work, we will use synchrotron radiation in the VUV range for state-selective ionization and dissociation. The tunability of synchrotron light makes it a versatile tool for the mapping of potential energy surfaces.
Bending magnet
X-ray Interference Lithography (XIL)
The X-ray interference lithography facility at the Swiss Light Source (SLS) is a unique tool to obtain periodic nanostructures with periods as small as 25nm.The beamline provides spatially coherent beam in the Extreme Ultraviolet (EUV) energy range. Because of this the technique is also called Extreme-Ultraviolet Interference Lithography (EUV-IL).
UE212 (twins)
X-Ray Magnetic Circular Dichroism under extreme Conditions
The X-Treme beamline is dedicated to x-ray magnetic (circular or linear) dichroism technique in the soft x-ray range. The technique is element selective and is used for example for the study of magnetic anisotropy and exchange coupling. The energy range covers the L2,3-edges (2p to 3d transition) of 3d transition metals and M4,5-edges of lanthanides (3d to 4f transition), in addition to the K-edges of light elements like O, N, F. Scientific areas of interest are: single molecule magnets, magnetic nanocrystals, self-assembly of nanomagnets on surfaces and strongly correlated electron systems.
Coherent Small-Angle X-Ray Scattering
Experimental types being performed include small-angle x-ray scattering (SAXS) of liquid and solid samples, gracing-incidence small-angle x-ray scattering (GISAXS), coherent difffractive imaging (CDI, SXDM), scanning x-ray microscopy (STXM, scanning SAXS), x-ray photon correlation spectroscopy (XPCS). The scientific activity at the beamline is focussed on investigations of the structure and dynamics of soft condensed matter systems and on coherent x-ray diffraction and imaging.

1) Insertion Device
The highest brightness at a beamline can be reached by means of insertion devices ( Undulators, marked with U and Wigglers, marked with W). The number behind the letter for the device is the period length in mm. The letter E in the name of an undulator means elliptical polarization is possible.

2) Bending magnet beamlines
This type of beamline uses the radiation which is coming from the central bending magnet of a triple bend achromat. 8 of those 12 central bends are equipped with 2 exit ports each (type A from the middle and type B from the entrance of a bend). The maximum potential for such beamlines is thus 2 * 8 = 16 bending magnet beamlines.