Scientific Highlights 2017

21 December 2017

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Martensitic transformation under multiaxial deformation

Researchers at PSI have established a link between the martensitic transformation, microstructural evolution and the mechanical behavior under multiaxial deformation in a NiTi alloy by using a unique combination of in situ high-resolution Digital Image Correlation (DIC), in situ X-ray diffraction and electron microscopy characterization.

20 November 2017

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Dislocation interactions at reduced strain rates in atomistic simulations of nanocrystalline Al

Molecular dynamics simulations of transient stress drops have been carried out in different regimes on a nanocrystalline Aluminum sample with average grain size of 12 nm. Besides confirming the interpretation of experimental results obtained during in situ X-ray diffraction, the creep simulations performed at 2 or 3 orders of magnitude lower strain rates than usual reveal deformation mechanisms that have not been observed previously.

6 September 2017

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Composite Laminated Cruciform Design for Multiaxial Testing of Metals

Multiaxial mechanical testing of sheet metals is far from trivial, which is mainly related to issues with sample design and fabrication. PSI scientists have developed a new methodology to produce cruciform shaped samples from thin sheet metals based on a novel bottom-up approach. A proof-of-principle experiment based on polymer lamination of an aluminum thin sheet demonstrates the effectiveness of this new approach.

31 July 2017

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Stresses and Strains in Cruciform Samples Deformed in Tension

Cruciform experiments are very useful to study non-proportional strain path change behavior of engineering metals and alloys. This work studies the stress response of 6 prominently used cruciform geometries deformed under tension. Results show that for most of the cruciform samples, the gauge stresses are non-linearly coupled to the applied forces in both arms. Cruciform geometries based on the ISO standard are able to decouple these stresses but negligible gauge plastic strains are reached prior to failure.

26 January 2017

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A Miniaturized Biaxial Deformation Rig for in situ Mechanical Testing

Researchers at PSI have developed a new unique miniaturized biaxial deformation rig, which allows to apply in-plane biaxial stress states with arbitrary stress ratios and to perform strain path changes on thin-sheet metals. The device is optimized for in situ usage inside a scanning electron microscope and at synchrotron beam lines.