Gas Detectors


Current project

  Cylindrical Drift Chamber of the MEG II experiment

  The MEG II experiment aims to improve the sensitivity for the search of the charged lepton flavor decay μ → eγ by a factor of 10 compared to the MEG experiment. For this purpose all sub-detectors of the previous MEG experiment will be upgraded and improved.
  The new positron tracker will be a cylindrical drift chamber placed in the bore of COBRA magnet. The drift chamber is a joint development and construction effort of different institutes within the MEG collaboration.
  MEG experiment home page.

A. Baldini et al., “A new cylindrical drift chamber for the MEG II experiment”, Nucl. Instr. and Meth. A 824 (2016) 589
A. Baldini et al., "MEG upgrade proposal", Research proposal submitted to the Paul Scherrer Institute Research Committee for Particle Physics at the Ring Cyclotron arXiv:1301.7225

Recent projects

  Drift Chamber system of the MEG experiment

  The MEG experiment searched for the charged lepton flavor decay μ → eγ with a sensitivity of 10-14 in the branching ratio.
The drift chamber system of the experiment was designed to ensure precision measurement of the positron from the decay and it had to fulfill several requirements: it must cope with a very high number of Michel positrons due to the very high muon stopping rate, it must be a low-mass tracker as the momentum resolution is limited by multiple scattering and to minimise accidental gamma-ray background by positron annihilation in flight and it must provide excellent position resolution, both in r-direction and z-direction. The drift chamber system consisted of 16 independent modules, placed in the bore of COBRA magnet.
  MEG experiment home page.

J. Adam et al. (MEG Collaboration), “The MEG detector for μ → eγ decay search”, European Physical Journal C (2013) 73:2365
M. Hildebrandt, “The low-mass drift chamber system of the MEG experiment”, Nuclear Science Symposium Conference Recordings (NSS/MIC), 2011 IEEE, 1757
M. Hildebrandt, “The drift chamber system of the MEG experiment”, Nucl. Instr. and Meth. A 623 (2010) 111

  Time Projection Chamber of the MuCap experiment

  The MuCap experiment measured the capture rate for the basic electroweak process of ordinary muon capture (OMC) by the proton from the singlet state of the muonic hydrogen atom. The Time Projection Chamber (TPC) was located in the center of the MuCap detector and acted as target and detector.
  The TPC was operated in pure protium gas at 10 bar inside a pressure vessel and tracked the incoming muon trajectory in three dimension to identify muon stops in the sensitive gas volume. The construction of the TPC and its operation in high pressure hydrogen was a very challenging task due to the requirement of ultra-high purity (low-outgasing and bakeable materials), the operation at very high applied voltages and the non-quenching properties of the counting gas.
  MuCap experiment home page.

J. Egger et al., “A High-Pressure Hydrogen Time Projection Chamber for the MuCap Experiment”, European Physical Journal A (2014) 50:163
J. Egger, M.Hildebrandt and C. Petitjean, “The 10 bar hydrogen time projection chamber of the MuCap experiment”, Nucl. Instr. and Meth. A 628 (2011) 199

Older projects

  3Helium Multi-Wire Proportional Chamber for the POLDI beamline at SINQ/PSI

  
  Experiment home page.

  Cylindrical Multi-Wire Proportional Chamber (ePC2) for the MuCap experiment

  
  Experiment home page.

  Planar Multi-Wire Proportional Chamber (muPC2) for the MuCap experiment

  
  Experiment home page.

  Planar Multi-Wire Proportional Chamber (Entrance Muon Counter) for the MuLan experiment

  
  Experiment home page.