Battery Materials

Project description

photo  chem lab.jpg

Our goal is to develop novel materials and to improve existing materials for Li-ion, Li-S, and exotic (Na, Mg, Ca, etc...) batteries. We apply different synthetic routes, such as sol-gel chemistry, mechanosynthesis, solid state synthesis under various controlled atmospheres, and microwave synthesis to control the morphology and obtained the most promising electrochemical performances of a dedicated systems. Recently we started to work in all-solid-state batteries with the development of solid electrolytes based on perovskite materials and integrated them into microbatteries using thin films technology in collaboration with Prof. T. Lippert group The Materials Group

In the meantime, we elucidate the electrochemical reaction mechanisms of battery systems by applying advanced operando techniques. We have developed many electrochemical cells for the purpose of X-ray diffraction (in house and in synchrotron beamline), neutron diffraction, X-ray absorption, X-ray tomography etc.... Our cells are able to sustain many cycles (not only at room temperature) and then we can gain knowledge in aging mechanisms of battery systems (half-cell or full-cells, lab scale or commercial batteries). We also look at post mortem morphology and aging mechanisms of the cells components by using SEM, STEM, Cross-section devices and FIB/SEM and coupling them with a deep surface analysis using X-ray photoemission spectroscopy in collaboration with the Characterization group.


Dr. Claire Villevieille (Group Head)
Phone number +41-(0)-56-310-24 10
Researchgate account: Claire Villevieille


  • Development of alloy/conversion type negative electrodes for Li-ion batteries, Li-S batteries, exotic batteries (Na, Mg, Ca, K)
  • Development of novel positive electrodes based on different chemistries
  • Model electrode materials (without binder/conductive agent)
  • All-solid-state batteries and thin film batteries
  • Understanding of reaction mechanisms of batteries using advanced operando techniques (X-ray diffraction, Neutron diffraction, X-ray absorption, etc...)
  • Operando techniques on special cells for X-ray diffraction (under temperature), Neutron diffraction, X-ray Absorption etc...
  • Synthesis routes (sol-gel chemistry, mechanosynthesis, solid state synthesis under various controlled atmospheres etc...)
  • Surface investigations using SEM, STEM & Cross-section devices



  • Fe and Co methylene diphosphonates as conversion materials for Li-ion batteries S. Schmidt, S. Sallard, D. Sheptyakov, M. Nachtegaal, P. Novák, C. Villevieille
    J. Power Sources 342, 879-885 (2017)
    DOI: 10.1016/j.jpowsour.2016.12.090OG-5410 , OG-5411
  • CuSbS2 as a negative electrode material for sodium ion batteries C. Marino, T. Block, R. Pöttgen, C. Villevieille
    J. Power Sources 342, 616-622 (2017)
    DOI: 10.1016/j.jpowsour.2016.12.100OG-5410 , OG-5411
  • MnSn2 negative electrodes for Na-ion batteries: a conversion-based reaction dissected L.O. Vogt, C. Villevieille
    J. Mater. Chem. A, 4, 19116–19122 (2016)
    DOI: 10.1039/C6TA07788AOG-5410 , OG-5411
  • Elucidating the surface reactions of an amorphous Si thin film as a model electrode for Li-Ion batteries G. Ferraresi, L. Czornomaz, C. Villevieille, P. Novák, M. El Kazzi
    ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 8 (43), 29791-29798 (2016)
    DOI: 10.1021/acsami.6b10929OG-5410 , OG-5411 , OG-5414
  • Mechanism of the carbonate-based-electrolyte degradation and its effects on the electrochemical performance of Li1+x(NiaCobMn1-a-b)1-xO2 cells H.-J. Peng, C. Villevieille, S. Trabesinger, H. Wolf, K. Leitner, P. Novák
    J. Power Sources 335, 91-97 (2016)
    DOI: 10.1016/j.jpowsour.2016.10.031OG-5410 , OG-5411 , OG-5413
  • FeSn2 and CoSn2 electrode materials for Na-Ion batteries L.O. Vogt, C. Villevieille
    J. Electrochem. Soc. 163 (7), A1306-A1310 (2016)
    DOI: 10.1149/2.0791607jesOG-5410 , OG-5411
  • Operando neutron powder diffraction using cylindrical cell design: The case of LiNi0.5Mn1.5O4 vs Graphite L. Boulet-Roblin, P. Borel, D. Sheptyakov, C. Tessier, P. Novák, C. Villevieille
    J. Phys. Chem. C 120 (31), 17268-17273 (2016)
    DOI: 10.1021/acs.jpcc.6b05777OG-5410 , OG-5411
  • Versatile approach combining theoretical and experimental aspects of Raman spectroscopy to investigate battery materials: The case of the LiNi0.5Mn1.5O4 spinel L. Boulet-Roblin, C. Villevieille, P. Borel, C. Tessier, P. Novák, M. Ben Yahia
    J. Phys. Chem. C 120 (30), 16377–16382 (2016)
    DOI: 10.1021/acs.jpcc.6b04155OG-5410 , OG-5411
  • Effects of solvent, lithium salt, and temperature on stability of carbonate-based electrolytes for 5.0 V LiNi0.5Mn1.5O4 electrodes M. He, L. Boulet-Roblin, P. Borel, C. Tessier, P. Novák, C. Villevieille, E.J. Berg
    J. Electrochem. Soc. 163 (2), A83-A89 (2016)
    DOI: 10.1149/2.0201602jesOG-5410 , OG-5411 , OG-5412
  • Electrode engineering of conversion-based negative electrodes for Na-ion batteries L.O. Vogt, C. Marino, C. Villevieille
    Chimia 69 (12), 729-733 (2015)
    DOI: 10.2533/chimia.2015.729OG-5411
  • Rechargeable batteries: Grasping for the limits of chemistry E.J. Berg, C. Villevieille, D. Streich, S. Trabesinger, P. Novák
    J. Electrochem. Soc. 162 (14), A2468-A2475 (2015)
    DOI: 10.1149/2.0081514jesOG-5410 , OG-5411 , OG-5412 , OG-5413
  • Lithium chromium pyrophosphate as an insertion material for Li-ion batteries M. Reichardt, S. Sallard, P. Novák, C. Villevieille
    Acta Cryst. B71, 661-667 (2015)
    DOI: 10.1107/S2052520615017539OG-5410 , OG-5411
  • Lithium iron methylenediphosphonate: A model material for new organic–inorganic hybrid positive electrode materials for Li ion batteries S. Schmidt, D. Sheptiakov, J.-C. Jumas, M. Medarde, P. Benedek, P. Novák, S. Sallard, C. Villevieille
    Chem. Mater. 27 (23), 7889–7895 (2015)
    DOI: 10.1021/acs.chemmater.5b02595OG-5410 , OG-5411
  • Combined operando X-ray diffraction-electrochemical impedance spectroscopy detecting solid solution reactions of LiFePO4 in batteries M. Hess, T. Sasaki, C. Villevielle, P. Novák
    Nature Commun. 6, 8169 (2015)
    DOI: 10.1038/NCOMMS9169OG-5410 , OG-5411 , OG-5413
  • Freeze-dryed LixMoO3 nanobelts used as cathode materials for lithium-ion batteries: A bulk and interface study C. Villevieille, A. Gorzkowska-Sobas, H. Fjellvåg, P. Novák
    J. Power Sources 297, 276-282 (2015)
    DOI: 10.1016/j.jpowsour.2015.07.082OG-5410 , OG-5411
  • Consequences of electrolyte degradation for the electrochemical performance of Li1+x(NiaCobMn1-a-b)1-xO2 H.-J. Peng, S. Urbonaite, C. Villevieille, H. Wolf, K. Leitner, P. Novák
    J. Electrochem. Soc., 162 (13), A7072-A7077 (2015)
    DOI: 10.1149/2.0061513jesOG-5410 , OG-5411 , OG-5413
  • A low-temperature benzyl alcohol/Benzyl mercaptan synthesis of iron oxysulfide/iron oxide composite materials for electrodes in Li-ion batteries S. Sallard, E. Castel, C. Villevieille, P. Novák
    J. Mater. Chem. A 3, 16112 (2015)
    DOI: 10.1039/c5ta03155aOG-5410 , OG-5411
  • _In situ_ X-ray diffraction characterisation of Fe0.5TiOPO4 and Cu0.5TiOPO4 as electrode material for sodium-ion batteries P. Bleith, H. Kaiser, P. Novák, C. Villevieille
    Electrochim. Acta 176, 18–21 (2015)
    DOI: 10.1016/j.electacta.2015.06.105OG-5410 , OG-5411
  • Understanding inhomogeneous reactions in li-ion batteries: Operando synchrotron X-Ray diffraction on two-layer electrodes T. Sasaki, C. Villevieille, Y. Takeuchi, P. Novák
    Adv. Sci. 1500083 (2015)
    DOI: 10.1002/advs.201500083OG-5410 , OG-5411
  • Surface/Interface study on full xLi2MnO3{middle dot}(1 - x)LiMO2 (M = Ni, Mn, Co)/graphite cells L. Boulet-Roblin, M. El Kazzi, P. Novák, C. Villevieille
    J. Electrochem. Soc. 162, 7, A1297-A1300 (2015)
    DOI: 10.1149/2.0491507jesOG-5410 , OG-5411 , OG-5414
  • Understanding the interaction of the carbonates and binder in Na-Ion batteries: A combined bulk and surface study L.O. Vogt, M. El Kazzi, E. Jämstorp Berg, S. Pérez Villar, P. Novák, C. Villevieille
    Chem. Mater. 27, 1210-1216 (2015)
    DOI: 10.1021/cm5039649OG-5410 , OG-5411 , OG-5412 , OG-5414
  • Simultaneous in situ x‑ray absorption spectroscopy and x‑ray diffraction studies on battery materials: The case of Fe0.5TiOPO4 P. Bleith, W. van Beek, H. Kaiser, P. Novák, C. Villevieille
    J. Phys. Chem. C 119, 3466-3471 (2015)
    DOI: 10.1021/jp511042xOG-5410 , OG-5411
  • Influence of conversion material morphology on electrochemistry studied with operando x-ray tomography and diffraction C. Villevieille, M. Ebner, J.L. Gómez-Cámer, F. Marone, P. Novák, V. Wood
    Adv. Mater. 27, 1676-1681 (2015)
    DOI: 10.1002/adma.201403792OG-5410 , OG-5411 , OG-5413
  • _In situ_ gas analysis of Li4Ti5O12 based electrodes at elevated temperatures M. He, E. Castel, A. Laumann, G. Nuspl, P. Novák, E.J. Berg
    J. Electrochem. Soc. 162, 6, A870-A876 (2015)
    DOI: 10.1149/2.0311506jes]OG-5410 , OG-5411 , OG-5412
  • MoS2 coating on MoO3 nanobelts: A novel approach for a high specific charge electrode for rechargeable Li-ion batteries C. Villevieille, X.-J. Wang, F. Krumeich, R. Nesper, P. Novák
    J. Power Sources 279, 636-644 (2015)
    DOI: 10.1016/j.jpowsour.2014.12.129OG-5410 , OG-5411
  • MSnS2 (M = Cu, Fe) electrode family as dual-performance electrodes for Li–S and Li–Ion batteries C. Villevieille, P. Novák
    J. Electrochem. Soc. 162, 3, A284-A287 (2015)
    DOI: 10.1149/2.0121503jesOG-5410 , OG-5411
  • Differential electrochemical mass spectrometry study of the interface of xLi2MnO3·(1−x)LiMO2 (M = Ni, Co, and Mn) Material as a positive electrode in Li-Ion batteries E. Castel, E.J. Berg, M. El Kazzi, P. Novak, C. Villevieille
    Chem. Mater. 26, 5051-5057 (2014)
    DOI: 10.1021/cm502201zOG-5410 , OG-5411 , OG-5412 , OG-5414
  • Elucidation of the reaction mechanism upon lithiation and delithiation of Cu0.5TiOPO4 P. Bleith, M. Valla, P. Novák, C. Villevieille
    J. Mater. Chem. A 2, 12513-12518 (2014).
    DOI: 10.1039/C4TA01627KOG-5410 , OG-5411
  • Enhancement of the high potential specific charge in layered electrode materials for lithium-ion batteries R. Robert, C. Villevielle, P. Novák
    J. Mater. Chem. A 2, 8589-8598 (2014).
    DOI: 10.1039/C3TA12643AOG-5410 , OG-5411 , OG-5414
  • Reducing mass transfer effects on the kinetics of 5V HE-NCM electrode materials for Li-Ion batteries C. Villevieille, J.L. Gómez-Cámer, M. Hess, P. Novák
    J. Electrochem. Soc 161 (6), A871-A874 (2014).
    DOI: 10.1149/2.067405jesOG-5410 , OG-5411 , OG-5413
  • Bulk and surface analyses of ageing of a 5V-NCM positive electrode material for lithium-ion batteries C. Villevieille, P. Lanz, Ch. Bünzli, P. Novák
    J. Mater. Chem. A 2, 6488-6493 (2014).
    DOI: 10.1039/C3TA13112BOG-5410 , OG-5411 , OG-5412 , OG-5413
  • _Ex situ_ and in situ Raman microscopic investigation of the differences between stoichiometric LiMO2 and high-energy xLi2MnO3·(1–x)LiMO2 (M = Ni, Co, Mn) P. Lanz, C. Villevieille, P. Novák
    Electrochim. Acta 130, 206–212 (2014).
    DOI: 10.1016/j.electacta.2014.03.004OG-5410 , OG-5411 , OG-5412
  • Novel electrochemical cell designed for operando techniques and impedance studies C. Villevieille, T. Sasaki, P. Novák
    RSC Adv. 4, 6782-6789 (2014)
    DOI: 10.1039/C3RA46184JOG-5410 , OG-5411
  • A metastable b-sulfur phase stabilized at room temperature during cycling of high efficiency carbon fibre–sulfur composites for Li–S batteries C. Villevieille, P. Novák
    J. Mater. Chem. A 1, 13089-13092 (2013).
    DOI: 10.1039/c3ta13072jOG-5410 , OG-5411
  • Antimony based negative electrodes for next generation Li-ion batteries J.L. Gómez-Cámer, C. Villevieille, P. Novák
    J. Mater. Chem. A 1, 13011–13016 (2013).
    DOI: 10.1039/c3ta12762aOG-5410 , OG-5411 , OG-5413
  • Electrochemical activation of Li2MnO3 at elevated temperature investigated by in situ Raman microscopy P. Lanz, C. Villevieille, P. Novák
    Electrochim. Acta 109, 426-432 (2013).
    DOI: 10.1016/j.electacta.2013.07.130OG-5410 , OG-5411 , OG-5412
  • Circular in situ neutron powder diffraction cell for study of reaction mechanism in electrode materials for Li-ion batteries V.A. Godbole, M. Hess, C. Villevieille, H. Kaiser, J.-F. Colin, P. Novák
    RSC Adv. 3, 757-763 (2013).
    DOI: 10.1039/c2ra21526hOG-5410 , OG-5411
  • Effect of metal ion and ball milling on the electrochemical properties of M0.5TiOPO4 (M = Ni, Cu, Mg)
    V.A. Godbole, C. Villevieille, P. Novák
    Electrochim. Acta 93, 179-188 (2013).
    DOI: 10.1016/j.electacta.2013.01.104OG-5410 , OG-5411
  • Oxygen release from high energy xLi2MnO3.(1 x)LiMO2 (M=Mn,Ni,Co): Electrochemical, Differential Electrochemical Mass Spectrometric, in situ pressure, and in situ temperature characterization P. Lanz, H. Sommer, M. Schulz-Dobrick, P. Novák
    Electrochim. Acta 93, 114-119 (2013).
    DOI: 10.1016/j.electacta.2013.01.105OG-5410 , OG-5411 , OG-5412
  • Ammonolyzed MoO3 nanobelts as novel cathode material of rechargeable Li-ion batteries X.-J. Wang, R. Nesper, C. Villevieille , P. Novák
    Adv. Energy Mater. 3, 606–614 (2013).
    DOI: 10.1002/aenm.201200692OG-5410 , OG-5411
  • Memory effect in a lithium-ion battery T. Sasaki, Y. Ukyo, P. Novák
    Nat. Mater. 12, 569–575 (2013).
    DOI: 10.1038/nmat3623OG-5410 , OG-5411
  • Influence of cut-off potential on the electrochemistry of M0.5TiOPO4 (M=Fe, Cu) synthesized by a new route P. Bleith, P. Novák, C. Villevieille
    J. Electrochem. Soc. 160, A1534-A1538 (2013).
    DOI: 10.1149/2.096309jesOG-5410 , OG-5411
  • A structural and electrochemical study of Ni 0.5TiOPO 4 synthesized via modified solution route. V. A. Godbole, C. Villevieille, H. H. Sommer, J. F. Colin, and P. Novák
    Electrochimica Acta 77 (2012) 244-249
    DOI: 10.1016/j.electacta.2012.05.094OG-5410 , OG-5411
  • Influence of different electrode compositions and binder materials on the performance of lithium-sulfur batteries. H. Schneider, A. Garsuch, A. Panchenko, O. Gronwald, N. Janssen, and P. Novák
    Journal of Power Sources 205 (2012) 420-425
    DOI: 10.1016/j.jpowsour.2011.12.061OG-5410 , OG-5411
  • Surface layer formation on Li1+xMn2O4 − δ thin film electrodes during electrochemical cycling F. Simmen, A. Foelske-Schmitz, P. Verma, M. Horisberger, Th. Lippert, P. Novák, C.W. Schneider and A. Wokaun
    Electrochimica Acta 56 (2011) 8539- 8544
    DOI: 10.1016/j.electacta.2011.07.046OG-5410 , OG-5411 , OG-5423
  • Influence of graphite surface properties on the first electrochemical lithium intercalation. P. Bernardo, J. Dentzer, R. Gadiou, W. Märkle, D. Goers, P. Novák, M. E. Spahr, and C. Vix-Guterl
    Carbon 49 (2011) 4867-4876
    DOI: 10.1016/j.carbon.2011.07.007OG-5410 , OG-5411
  • Microwave-assisted solution synthesis of doped LiFePO 4 with high specific charge and outstanding cycling performance. I. Bilecka, A. Hintennach, M. D. Rossell, D. Xie, P. Novák, and M. Niederberger
    Journal of Materials Chemistry 21 (2011) 5881-5890
    DOI: 10.1039/c0jm03476bOG-5410 , OG-5411
  • Interplay between size and crystal structure of molybdenum dioxide nanoparticlesâ-synthesis, growth mechanism, and electrochemical performance. D. Koziej, M. D. Rossell, B. Ludi, A. Hintennach, P. Novák, J. D. Grunwaldt, and M. Niederberger
    Small 7 (2011) 377-387
    DOI: 10.1002/smll.201001606OG-5410 , OG-5411
  • Synthesis of a polymeric 2,5-di-t-butyl-1,4-dialkoxybenzene and its evaluation as a novel cathode material. P. Nesvadba, L. B. Folger, P. Maire, and P. Novák
    Synthetic Metals 161 (2011) 259-262
    DOI: 10.1016/j.synthmet.2010.11.030OG-5410 , OG-5411
  • Electrochemical and spectroscopic characterization of lithium titanate spinel Li 4Ti 5O 12. H. Schneider, P. Maire, and P. Novák
    Electrochimica Acta 56 (2011) 9324-9328
    DOI: 10.1016/j.electacta.2011.08.008OG-5410 , OG-5411
  • Glassy carbon - A promising substrate material for pulsed laser deposition of thin Li 1+xMn 2O 4-δ electrodes. F. Simmen, M. Horisberger, B. Seyfang, T. Lippert, P. Novák, M. Döbeli, M. Mallepell, C. W. Schneider, and A. Wokaun
    Applied Surface Science 257 (2011) 5347-5353
    DOI: 10.1016/j.apsusc.2010.11.176OG-5410 , OG-5411
  • Continuous flame aerosol synthesis of carbon-coated nano-LiFePO4 for Li-ion batteries. O. Waser, R. Büchel, A. Hintennach, P. Novák, and S. E. Pratsinis
    Journal of Aerosol Science 42 (2011) 657-667
    DOI: 10.1016/j.jaerosci.2011.06.003OG-5410 , OG-5411
  • Morphological and Structural Changes of Mg substituted Li(Ni,Co,Al)O2 during Overcharge Reaction. T. Sasaki, V. Godbole, Y. Takeuchi, Y. Ukyo, and P. Novák
    Journal of Electrochemical Society 158 (2011) A1214-A1219
    DOI: 10.1149/2.025111jesOG-5410 , OG-5411
  • Study of Overcharge Behavior of Li1+x(Ni1/3Mn1/3Co1/3)1 xO2 Using In situ and Ex situ X ray Synchrotron Diffraction. V. A. Godbole, J. F. Colin, and P. Novák
    Journal of Electrochemical Society 158 (2011) A1005-A1010
    DOI: 10.1149/1.3607982OG-5410 , OG-5411
  • Carbon Materials in Lithium-Ion Batteries P. Novák, D. Goers, and M. E. Spahr
    in: Carbon Materials for Electrochemical Energy Storage Systems (F. Béguin and E. Frackowiak, Eds.), CRC Press - Taylor and Francis Group, Boca Raton-New York (2010), pp. 263-328. - ISBN: 978-1-4200-5307-4
    DOI: OG-5410 , OG-5411
  • In situ neutron diffraction study of Li insertion in Li 4Ti 5O 12. J. F. Colin, V. Godbole, and P. Novák
    Electrochemistry Communications 12 (2010) 804-807
    DOI: 10.1016/j.elecom.2010.03.038OG-5410 , OG-5411
  • In situ X-ray diffraction study of different graphites in a propylene carbonate based electrolyte at very positive potentials. W. Märkle, J. F. Colin, D. Goers, M. E. Spahr, and P. Novák
    Electrochimica Acta 55 (2010) 4964-4969
    DOI: 10.1016/j.electacta.2010.03.103OG-5410 , OG-5411
  • Synthesis of a novel spirobisnitroxide polymer and its evaluation in an organic radical battery. P. Nesvadba, L. Bugnon, P. Maire, and P. Novák
    Chemistry of Materials 22 (2010) 783-788
    DOI: 10.1021/cm901374uOG-5410 , OG-5411
  • Aspects of the surface layer formation on Li1+x Mn 2O4-δ during electrochemical cycling. F. Simmen, A. Hintennach, M. Horisberger, T. Lippert, P. Novák, C. W. Schneider, and A. Wokaun
    Journal of the Electrochemical Society 157 (2010) A1026-A1029
    DOI: 10.1149/1.3464798OG-5410 , OG-5411
  • Influence of metal layer coated glassy carbon substrates on the properties of PLD deposited Li1+xMn2O4-δ films. F. Simmen, T. Lippert, P. Novák, M. Horisberger, M. Döbeli, M. Mallepell, and A. Wokaun
    Journal of Optoelectronics and Advanced Materials 12 (2010) 523-527
    DOI: OG-5410 , OG-5411
  • Overpotentials and solid electrolyte interphase formation at porous graphite electrodes in mixed ethylene carbonate-propylene carbonate electrolyte systems. M. E. Spahr, D. Goers, W. Märkle, J. Dentzer, A. Würsig, H. Buqa, C. Vix-Guterl, and P. Novák
    Electrochimica Acta 55 (2010) 8928-8937
    DOI: 10.1016/j.electacta.2010.08.025OG-5410 , OG-5411