Dr. Markus Furger

photo of Markus Furger Scientist
Gasphase and Aerosol Chemistry

Paul Scherrer Institute
5232 Villigen – PSI

Telephone: +41 56 310 2991
E-mail: markus.furger@psi.ch

Research Activities / Specialties

  • Elemental analysis of aerosols with synchrotron radiation induced x-ray fluorescence spectrometry (SR-XRF)
  • Aerosol measurements in Megacities: MEGAPOLI (Paris, France), CalNex-LA (Los Angeles, USA), APICE (Marseille, France), ClearfLo (London, UK)
  • Aerosol measurements in Alpine valleys and other complex terrain: Aerowood (Mesolcina Valley, CH), APART (Zurich, Reiden, CH)
  • Meteorological and atmospheric-chemical field experiments in the Alps (ALPEX, Pollumet, VOTALP, Ecomont, LOOP/PIPAPO, MAP, CARBOMONT)



List of all publications

Books and book chapters

From weather observations to atmospheric and climate sciences in Switzerland.
Willemse, S., and M. Furger, 2016
vdf Hochschulverlag an der ETH Zürich, Zurich, Switzerland, 456pp, ISBN 978-3-7281-3745-6.

The Swiss Society for Meteorology – the first 100 years.
Furger, M., 2016
In: From weather observations to atmospheric and climate sciences in Switzerland, S. Willemse and M. Furger (Eds.).
vdf Hochschulverlag an der ETH Zürich, Zürich, Switzerland, 19-29.
ISBN 978-3-7281-3745-6.

Aerosol chemistry in remote locations.
Baltensperger, U., and M. Furger, 2008
Environmental chemistry of aerosols, I. Colbeck (Ed.). Blackwell Publishing, Oxford, UK, 217-252.


Elemental composition of ambient aerosols measured with high temporal resolution using an online XRF spectrometer.
Furger, M., M. C. Minguillón, V. Yadav, J. G. Slowik, C. Hüglin, R. Fröhlich, K. Petterson, U. Baltensperger, and A. S. H. Prévôt, 2017
Atmos. Meas. Tech., 10, 2061-2076.
DOI: 10.5194/amt-10-2061-2017

Advanced source apportionment of size-resolved trace elements at multiple sites in London during winter.
Visser, S., J. G. Slowik, M. Furger, P. Zotter, N. Bukowiecki, F. Canonaco, U. Flechsig, K. Appel, D. C. Green, A. H. Tremper, D. E. Young, P. I. Williams, J. D. Allan, H. Coe, L. R. Williams, C. Mohr, L. Xu, N. L. Ng, E. Nemitz, J. F. Barlow, C. H. Halios, Z. L. Fleming, U. Baltensperger, and A. S. H. Prévôt, 2015
Atmos. Chem. Phys., 15, 11291-11309.
DOI: 10.5194/acp-15-11291-2015

The first UK measurements of nitryl chloride using a chemical ionization mass spectrometer in central London in the summer of 2012, and an investigation of the role of Cl atom oxidation.
Bannan, T. J., A. M. Booth, A. Bacak, J. B. A. Muller, K. E. Leather, M. Le Breton, B. Jones, D. Young, H. Coe, J. Allan, S. Visser, J. G. Slowik, M. Furger, A. S. H. Prévôt, J. Lee, R. E. Dunmore, J. R. Hopkins, J. F. Hamilton, A. C. Lewis, L. K. Whalley, T. Sharp, D. Stone, D. E. Heard, Z. L. Fleming, R. Leigh, D. E. Shallcross, and C. J. Percival, 2015
Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, 120, 5638-5657.
DOI: 10.1002/2014JD022629

Meteorology, Air Quality, and Health in London: The ClearfLo Project.
Bohnenstengel, S. I., S. E. Belcher, A. Aiken, J. D. Allan, G. Allen, A. Bacak, T. J. Bannan, J. F. Barlow, D. C. S. Beddows, W. J. Bloss, A. M. Booth, C. Chemel, O. Coceal, C. F. Di Marco, M. K. Dubey, K. H. Faloon, Z. L. Fleming, M. Furger, J. K. Gietl, R. R. Graves, D. C. Green, C. S. B. Grimmond, C. H. Halios, J. F. Hamilton, R. M. Harrison, M. R. Heal, D. E. Heard, C. Helfter, S. C. Herndon, R. E. Holmes, J. R. Hopkins, A. M. Jones, F. J. Kelly, S. Kotthaus, B. Langford, J. D. Lee, R. J. Leigh, A. C. Lewis, R. T. Lidster, F. D. Lopez-Hilfiker, J. B. McQuaid, C. Mohr, P. S. Monks, E. Nemitz, N. L. Ng, C. J. Percival, A. S. H. Prévôt, H. M. A. Ricketts, R. Sokhi, D. Stone, J. A. Thornton, A. H. Tremper, A. C. Valach, S. Visser, L. K. Whalley, L. R. Williams, L. Xu, D. E. Young, and P. Zotter, 2015
Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 96, 779-804.
DOI: 10.1175/BAMS-D-12-00245.1

Kerb and urban increment of highly time-resolved trace elements in PM10, PM2.5 and PM1.0 winter aerosol in London during ClearfLo 2012.
Visser, S., J. G. Slowik, M. Furger, P. Zotter, N. Bukowiecki, R. Dressler, U. Flechsig, K. Appel, D. C. Green, A. H. Tremper, D. E. Young, P. I. Williams, J. D. Allan, S. C. Herndon, L. R. Williams, C. Mohr, L. Xu, N. L. Ng, A. Detournay, J. F. Barlow, C. H. Halios, Z. L. Fleming, U. Baltensperger, and A. S. H. Prévôt, 2015
Atmos. Chem. Phys., 15, 2367-2386.
DOI: 10.5194/acp-15-2367-2015

Management and site effects on carbon balances of European mountain pastures and meadows.
Berninger, F., S. Susiluoto, G. Damiano, M. Bahn, G. Wohlfahrt, C. Campbell, M. Anderson, M. Sutton, T. Christensen, J. Garcia-Pausas, C. Gimeno, M. J. Sanz, S. Dore, N. Rogiers, M. Furger, W. Eugster, M. Balzarolo, M. T. Sebastià, J. Tenhunen, T. Staszewski, and A. Cernusca, 2015
Boreal Environment Research, 20, 748-760.

Source apportionment of size and time resolved trace elements and organic aerosols from an urban courtyard site in Switzerland.
Richard, A., M. F. D. Gianini, C. Mohr, M. Furger, N. Bukowiecki, M. C. Minguillón, P. Lienemann, U. Flechsig, K. Appel, P. F. DeCarlo, M. F. Heringa, R. Chirico, U. Baltensperger, and A. S. H. Prévôt, 2011
Atmos. Chem. Phys., 11, 8945-8963.

Quantitative sampling and analysis of trace elements in atmospheric aerosols: impactor characterization and Synchrotron-XRF mass calibration.
Richard, A., N. Bukowiecki, P. Lienemann, M. Furger, M. Fierz, M. C. Minguillón, B. Weideli, R. Figi, U. Flechsig, K. Appel, A. S. H. Prévôt, and U. Baltensperger, 2010
Atmos. Meas. Tech., 3, 1473-1485.

Real-World Emission Factors for Antimony and Other Brake Wear Related Trace Elements: Size-Segregated Values for Light and Heavy Duty Vehicles.
Bukowiecki, N., P. Lienemann, M. Hill, R. Figi, A. Richard, M. Furger, K. Rickers, G. Falkenberg, Y. Zhao, S. S. Cliff, A. S. H. Prevot, U. Baltensperger, B. Buchmann, and R. Gehrig, 2009
Environmental Science & Technology, 43, 8072-8078.

X-ray fluorescence spectrometry for high throughput analysis of atmospheric aerosol samples: The benefits of synchrotron X-rays.
Bukowiecki, N., P. Lienemann, C. N. Zwicky, M. Furger, A. Richard, G. Falkenberg, K. Rickers, D. Grolimund, C. Borca, M. Hill, R. Gehrig, and U. Baltensperger, 2008
Spectrochimica Acta Part B: Atomic Spectroscopy, 63, 929-938.

Curriculum Vitae

My online resume


1978-83 Physics student at the Eidgenössische Technische Hochschule (ETH), Zurich, Switzerland
1983 Diploma in physics, specialization in atmospheric physics and optics, ETH, Zürich, Switzerland
1984-90 Research assistant at the University of Bern, Institute of Geography, Group for Applied Climatology
1990 Ph.D. in geography (climatology), University of Bern, Switzerland
1992-93 Post-Doc at Pacific Northwest Laboratory, Richland, Washington, USA
1990-present Atmospheric Scientist at the Paul Scherrer Institute


  • 1990: Meteotest Award (1st prize) for Ph.D. Dissertation
  • 2003: PSI Preis für Wissenschaftskommunikation (PSI Award for Science Communication)


  • Member of the American Meteorological Society (AMS)
  • Member of the American Geophysical Union (AGU)
  • Member of the Swiss Society of Meteorology (SGM) (President 2008-2011)
  • Member of the European Geosciences Union (EGU)
  • Member of the Swiss National Committee of the IUGG (2007-2013)
  • Swiss National Correspondent of the IAMAS (2007-2013)