Research Subjects

Methane to Methanol

Conversion of methane to methanol is an industrially very important process, as it provides a sustainable route from an abundant and clean component of natural gas to one of the main precursors for chemicals synthesis. An efficient stepwise process catalyzed by copper-exchanged zeolites has been suggested; however, a detailed understanding of the mechanism of such a zeolite-catalyzed conversion is still missing. One of the ongoing debates in studying copper-exchanged zeolites is the exact configuration of the available catalytic sites. Another open question is the mechanism of methane oxidation and regeneration of the copper oxide active site, and possible role of water in these processes. We use the state of the art theoretical methods to investigate the configurational manifold of the copper oxide active centers, and the nature of chemical interaction between the oxide center, zeolite framework, and the reacting molecules, as well as establishing possible mechanisms of the conversion of methane to methanol.

  • V. L. Sushkevich, O. V. Safonova, D. Palagin, M. A. Newton, and J. A. van Bokhoven, “Structure of Copper Sites in Zeolites Examined by Fourier and Wavelet Transform Analysis of EXAFS”, Chem. Sci. 11, 5299 (2020).
  • Z. R. Jovanovic, J.-P. Lange, M. Ravi, A. J. Knorpp, V. L. Sushkevich, M. A. Newton, D. Palagin, and J. A. van Bokhoven, “Oxidation of methane to methanol over Cu-exchanged zeolites: Scientia gratia scientiae or paradigm shift in natural gas valorization?”, J. Catal. 385, 238 (2020).
  • M. A. Newton, A. J. Knorpp, V. L. Sushkevich, D. Palagin, and  J. A. van Bokhoven, “Active sites and mechanisms in the direct conversion of methane to methanol using Cu in zeolitic hosts: a critical examination”, Chem. Soc. Rev. 49, 1449 (2020); featured on the cover.
  • D. Palagin, V. L. Sushkevich, and J. A. van Bokhoven, “Water Molecules Facilitate Hydrogen Release in Anaerobic Oxidation of Methane to Methanol over Cu/Mordenite”, ACS Catal. 9, 10365 (2019).
  • L. Artiglia, V. L. Sushkevich, D. Palagin, A. J. Knorpp, K. Roy, and J. A. van Bokhoven, “In-situ X-Ray Photoelectron Spectroscopy Detects Multiple Active Sites Involved in the Selective Anaerobic Oxidation of Methane in Copper-Exchanged Zeolites”, ACS Catal. 9, 6728 (2019).
  • M. Ravi, V. L. Sushkevich, A. J. Knorpp, M. A. Newton, D. Palagin, A. B. Pinar, M. Ranocchiari, and J. A. van Bokhoven, “Misconceptions and challenges in methane-to-methanol over transition-metal-exchanged zeolites”, Nat. Catal. 2, 485 (2019).
  • M. A. Newton, A. J. Knorpp, A. B. Pinar, V. L. Sushkevich, D. Palagin, and J. A. van Bokhoven, “On the Mechanism Underlying the Direct Conversion of Methane to Methanol by Copper Hosted in Zeolites; Braiding Cu K-Edge XANES and Reactivity Studies”, J. Am. Chem. Soc. 140, 10090 (2018).
  • V. L. Sushkevich, D. Palagin, and J. A. van Bokhoven, “The Effect of the Active‐Site Structure on the Activity of Copper Mordenite in the Aerobic and Anaerobic Conversion of Methane into Methanol”, Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. 57, 8906 (2018).
  • V. L. Sushkevich, D. Palagin, M. Ranocchiari, and J. A. van Bokhoven, “Selective anaerobic oxidation of methane enables direct synthesis of methanol”, Science 356, 523 (2017).
  • D. Palagin, A. J. Knorpp, A. B. Pinar, M. Ranocchiari, and J. A. van Bokhoven, “Assessing the Relative Stability of Copper Oxide Clusters as Active Sites of a CuMOR Zeolite for Methane to Methanol Conversion: Size Matters?”, Nanoscale 9, 1144 (2017).

PtOx particles on ceria support

Supported platinum catalysts show high activity and excellent stability in the low temperature carbon monoxide oxidation and water-gas shift reactions that are important for a wide range of applications, such as fuel cell design or automotive emission control. However, no consensus on the catalytic mechanisms and atomic configurations of the active sites has been reached. In particular, the size of the catalytically active Pt nanoparticles, and, more specifically, whether platinum single atoms can act as active catalytic sites, remains an open question. We use DFT to elucidate the configurations and catalytic activity of the supported Pt species.

  • X. Wang, J. A. van Bokhoven, D. Palagin, “Atomically dispersed platinum on low index and stepped ceria surfaces: phase diagram and stability analysis”, Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 22, 28 (2020); highlighted in 2019 PCCP HOT Articles; featured on the cover
  • X. Wang, J. A. van Bokhoven, D. Palagin, “Ostwald ripening versus single atom trapping: towards understanding platinum particles sintering”, Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 19, 30513 (2017).

Molecular dynamics simulation of the Pt3Co formation

Theoretical chemistry is well suited for describing the formation and chemical behaviour of complex metal particles and phases, such as alloys. We actively collaborate with the experimental part of the LSK to help understanding the nature of the observed experimental phenomena.

  • A. Beck, X. Huang, L. Artiglia, M. Zabilskiy, X. Wang, P. Rzepka, D. Palagin, M.-G. Willinger, and J. A.  van Bokhoven,  “The dynamics of overlayer formation on catalyst nanoparticles and strong metal-support interaction”, Nat. Commun. 11, 3220 (2020).
  • M. Zabilskiy, V. L. Sushkevich, D. Palagin, M. A. Newton, F. Krumeich, and J. A. van Bokhoven, “The Unique Interplay between Copper and Zinc during Catalytic Carbon Dioxide Hydrogenation to Methanol”, Nat. Commun. 11, 2409 (2020).
  • S. Saedy, D. Palagin, O. V. Safonova, J. van Bokhoven, A. A. Khodadadi, and Y. Mortazavi, “Understanding the Mechanism of Synthesis of Pt3Co Intermetallic Nanoparticles via Preferential Chemical Vapor Deposition”, J. Mater. Chem. A 5, 24396 (2017).

Defects in UiO-66 MOF

Metal-organic frameworks (MOFs) are attracting the scientific community because of their unique catalytic properties. We use theoretical methods to predict the MOF self-assembly and explain the distribution of cluster vacancies.

Delocalized Internal Coordinates of adsorbates on surfaces

Identification of relevant reaction pathways in ever more complex composite materials and nanostructures poses a central challenge to computational materials discovery. Efficient global structure search, tailored to identify chemically-relevant intermediates, could provide the necessary first-principles atomistic insight to enable a rational process design. We modify a common feature of global geometry optimization schemes by employing automatically-generated collective curvilinear coordinates. The similarity of these coordinates to molecular vibrations enhances the generation of chemically meaningful trial structures for covalently bound systems.

  • K. Krautgasser, C. Panosetti, D. Palagin, K. Reuter, and R. J. Maurer, “Global Structure Search for Molecules on Surfaces: Efficient Sampling with Curvilinear Coordinates”, J. Chem. Phys. 145, 084117 (2016).
  • C. Panosetti, K. Krautgasser, D. Palagin, K. Reuter, and R. J. Maurer, “Global Materials Structure Search with Chemically-Motivated Coordinates”, Nano Lett. 15, 8044 (2015).