Mobbing is defined as behaviour in which individual employees are deliberately, systematically and over a long period of time harassed, attacked or ostracised by one or more persons. Mobbing acts can generally be divided into four categories: 1. attacks on the ability to communicate; 2. attacks on social reputation; 3. attacks on the quality of work; 4. attacks on health. The following list shows typical actions that can constitute mobbing if done systematically:

  • Refusing contact, isolating, ignoring
  • Withholding information
  • Refusing to talk
  • Aggressive or rude behaviour
  • Unobjective personal criticism
  • Discrimination or repeated non-invitation to professional group events
  • Spreading derogatory or negative rumours
  • Embarrassment, ridicule, insecurity, humiliation
  • slander, defamation, harassment, threats
  • Attacks on nationality, political or religious views
  • Invasion of a person's privacy
  • insinuations about appearance and personal, debilitating insinuations

Mobbing as a matter of fact can only be sanctioned during the period of a valid employment relationship.